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NMR detection of liquid dynamics in porous matrices
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
NMR studier av vätskedynamik i porösa material (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Porous materials or a porous media can be encountered in our everyday life, both in industrial and household systems and in the nature. Generally speaking all solid and semisolid materials are porous to some degree e.g. different dense rock types, plastics etc. Porous materials are constantly finding more and more applications, both in industry and research. Many commercially important process in the industry utilize porous media e.g. flow of fluids through porous media for separation process and porous catalyst supports. This has strongly contributed to the development of porous media with controlled properties, which can be utilized for understanding the behavior of liquids confined in the material, and the morphology of these synthetic materials.This thesis work brings some insight and understanding of porous materials i.e. Controlled Pore Glass (CPG). Report also contains a brief explanation of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, diffusion NMR and other techniques such as Mercury porosimetry.The first part of the thesis is focused on determining the required amount of liquid i.e. octanol needed to achieve full pore saturation for different CPGs with varying pore sizes. This was achieved by taking into account that the transverse relaxation time T2 is sensitive in the ms-ns of motional correlation times, and that there are physical factors in porous material which affect the T2. Second part, diffusion NMR is used to study self-diffusion of octanol confined in CPG, thus bringing some insight on mass transfer limitations within porous systems. The report present results obtained from experiments with NMR and Diffusion NMR, discusses the issues that can arise when investigating porous materials and suggest solutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Porous material, Controlled Pore Glass, NMR, Diffusion NMR
National Category
Physical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-103586OAI: diva2:560724
Educational program
Degree of Master - Chemical Engineering for Energy and Environment
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Available from: 2013-01-09 Created: 2012-10-15 Last updated: 2013-01-09Bibliographically approved

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