Benefits of Spontaneous Breathing: Compared with Mechanical Ventilation
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
When spontaneous breathing (SB) is allowed during mechanical ventilation (MV), atelectatic lung areas are recruited and oxygenation improves thereby. Whether unsupported SB at its natural pattern (without PEEP and at low pressure/small tidal volume) equally recruits and improves oxygenation, and if so by which mechanism, has not been studied.
A porcine lung collapse model was designed to study this question. The cardiac output dependency of the pulmonary shunt was investigated with healthy lungs and with major shunt (during one-lung ventilation) and with SB, MV and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) was blocked with sodium nitroprusside (SNP) to see whether HPV is the only mechanism available for ventilation/perfusion (VA/Q) matching during MV and SB. In all experiments, respiratory rate and tidal volume during MV were matched to SB. Oxygenation was assessed by serial blood gas measurements, recruitment by thoracic CTs; pulmonary shunt was assessed by multiple inert gas elimination or venous admixture.
SB attained better oxygenation and lower pulmonary shunt compared with MV, although it did not recruit collapsed lung. Pulmonary shunt did not correlate with cardiac output during SB, whereas a correlation was found during MV and CPAP. With blocked HPV, pulmonary shunt was considerably lower during SB than MV.
In conclusion, SB improves VA/Q matching as compared with MV, even when no recruitment occurs. In contrast to MV and CPAP, cardiac output has no major effect on pulmonary shunt during SB. The improved VA/Q matching during SB despite a blocked HPV might indicate the presence of a SB-specific mechanism that improves pulmonary blood flow redistribution towards ventilated lung regions independent of or supplementary to HPV.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. , 47 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 824
spontaneous breathing, mechanical ventilation, pulmonary shunt, oxygenation, hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Research subject Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-182564ISBN: 978-91-554-8498-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-182564DiVA: diva2:560032
2012-11-23, Enghoffsalen, Entrance 50, Akademiska sjkhuset, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Wickerts, Carl-Johan, docent
Lichtwarck-Aschoff, Michael, docentLarsson, Anders, professorWiklund, Lars, professor
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