Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Patienternas upplevelse av att vara fastande inför akutoperation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNING

Bakgrund: Preoperativ fasta har under många år varit en traditionell metod för att minska risken för aspiration medan patienten är under generell anestesi och för att eliminera risken för postoperativ illamående och kräkningar. Studier visar att trots riktlinjer och rekommendationer gällande preoperativ fasta fastar många patienter i onödan i flera dagar än nödvändigt. Detta kan orsaka skador och obehag hos patienten som till exempel: törst, huvudvärk, illamående, svaghet och trötthet.

Syfte: Syfte med denna studie var att undersöka hur patienter upplever fasta mer än 12 timmar innan en akutoperation.

Metod: Arbetet hade en kvalitativ ansats där 12 patienter som genomgått akut operation inkluderades. Data samlades in genom en semistrukturerad intervju, med hjälp av öppna frågor enligt en intervjuguide och analyserades med hjälp av manifest innehållsanalys enligt Graneheim och Lundman.

Resultat: Analyserna resulterade i fyra kategorier: Preoperativ information, upplevelse av fasta, hantering av preoperativ fasta och upplevelse av preoperativ tid och åtta underkategorier: Bristfällig information, tillräcklig information, bristfällig kunskap trots tidigare vårderfarenhet, fysisk påverkan, psykisk påverkan, strategi, väntetid och fastetid.

Slutsats: Deltagarna i studien upplevde brist på information och kunskaper om den preoperativa fastans betydelse. Studien visade att patienterna som väntade på akut operation på akutvårdsavdelning fastade längre än nödvändigt trots riktlinjer och rekommendationer gällande preoperativ fasta från Svensk förening för Anestesi och Intensivvård (SFAI). Patienterna som genomgått apendectomi fastade mellan 13,5-28 timma (M=22,2), medan de som hade genomgått kolecystectomi fastade mellan 12-48 timmar (M=25,6). Detta orsakade fysiskt och psykiskt obehag hos patienterna.

Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

Background: Preoperative fasting for many years has been a traditional method of reducing the risk of aspiration while the patient is under general anesthesia, and eliminating the risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Studies indicate that despite guidelines regarding preoperative fasting, many patients fast longer than necessary. This can cause damage and discomfort for patients including: thirst, headache, nausea, weakness and fatigue.

Aim: The aim of the current study was to investigate patients’ experience of fasting more than 12 hours before emergency surgery.

Method: The study had a qualitative approach. In total, 12 patients who underwent emergency surgery were included. Data was collected through a semi-structured interview, using open-ended questions following an interview guide. Collected data were analyzed using manifest content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman.

Result:  Analyzes resulted in four categories: Preoperative information, experience of fasting, handles preoperative fasting and experiences of the preoperative period and eight subcategories: Lack of information, enough information, lack of knowledge despite previous nursing experience, physical impact, psychological impact, strategy, waiting time and fasting time.

Conclusion: Participants in the study experienced lack of information and knowledge of the preoperative fasting importance. This study showed that patients,  waiting for emergency surgery in the emergency department fast longer than necessary despite existing guidelines and recommendations of the Swedish Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive care (SFAI) regarding preoperative fasting. Patients who have undergone appendectomy fasted between 13.5 to 28 hours (M = 22.2), whereas those which had undergone cholecystectomy attached between 12-48 hours (M = 25.6). This caused experience of physical and psychological discomfort for the patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
preoperative fasting, experience, emergency surgery, preoperative care, information and anesthesia
Keyword [sv]
Preoperativ fasta, upplevelse, akut operation, preoperativ vård, information, anestesi.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-182395OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-182395DiVA: diva2:559722
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Freestanding course
Presentation
(Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-10-10 Created: 2012-10-10 Last updated: 2012-11-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(265 kB)771 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 265 kBChecksum SHA-512
5322d800420d7a94af034e12fd097757a4341f263015561c089fa77a1e70d2fbdf318d3eca9a2ae7b80a9216caf3c1bd0045c8abf46c91cdb45a1606e62cb002
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 820 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 1361 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf