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Oral Health and the Effect on Quality of Life in a Zambian population
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Oral hälsa och hur den påverkar livskvalitén i en Zambisk befolkning (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate how oral health affects the quality of life among patients attending a dental clinic in Livingstone, and patients attending the Dental training school in Lusaka, Zambia. A total of 160 patients was consecutively selected and participated in the study, between the ages 16-68 (32 ± 11.8; mean ± SD). Interviews were done using a questionnaire “The oral impacts on daily performances” (OIDP). Of all the patients, 80% reported that they were affected by their oral health with at least one problem. Difficulty with “eating and enjoying food” was the most frequently performance affected (54%) and “speaking and pronouncing” was the least performance reported (16%). Overall, 20% of the participants reported that they did not have any problems. When reported having a problem, 3 and 4 number of problems were the most frequently occurring. Two open questions were asked, “What is the reason for your visit” and “What do you think is the problem”. The most common answer to the first question was “pain” (38.8%) and to the second question, “don´t know” (23.1%). This study found that 80% felt that their oral health affected their daily activities and QoL.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur den orala hälsan påverkar livskvalitéten bland patienter som besökte en tandklinik i Livingstone samt på kliniken vid Dental training school i Lusaka, Zambia. Sammanlagt 160 patienter valdes konsekutivt ut och var i åldrarna 16-68 år (32 ± 11,8; medel ± SD). Studien utfördes genom intervjuer med hjälp av en enkät, ”The Oral Impacts on Daily Performances” (OIDP). Av patienterna svarade 80% att de blev påverkade av deras orala hälsa med minst ett problem. Svårigheter med att ”äta och njuta av mat” var det vanligaste problemet (54%) medan ”att tala och ha bra uttal” var det problem som var minst rapporterat (16%). Överlag, rapporterade 20% att de inte hade några problem alls. När de rapporterade att de hade problem var det vanligaste 3 och 4 antal problem. Två öppna frågor ställdes, ”Varför kom du till kliniken” och ”Vad tror du är problemet”. Det vanligaste svaret på första frågan var ”smärta” (38.9%) och på andra frågan ”vet inte” (23.1%). Denna studie kom fram till att 80% tyckte att deras orala hälsa påverkade deras liv och livskvalité.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Africa, developing countries, oral health, oral impacts, OIDP, quality of life
Keyword [sv]
Afrika, livskvalitét, OIDP, oral hälsa, oral påverkan, utvecklingsländer
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9775OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-9775DiVA: diva2:559483
Educational program
Study Programme in Oral Health
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-10-22 Created: 2012-10-09 Last updated: 2012-10-22Bibliographically approved

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