Early steps in the biogenesis of the bc1 complex in yeast mitochondria: The role of the Cbp3-Cbp6 complex in cytochrome b synthesis and assembly
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The inner membrane of mitochondria harbors the complexes of the respiratory chain and the ATP synthase, which perform the key metabolic process oxidative phosphorylation. These complexes are composed of subunits from two different genetic origins: the majority of constituents is synthesized on cytosolic ribosomes and imported into mitochondria, but a handful of proteins, which represent core catalytic subunits, are encoded in the organellar DNA and translated on mitochondrial ribosomes. Using yeast as a model organism, I investigated the mitochondrial ribosomal tunnel exit, the region of the ribosome where the nascent chain emerges and that in cytosolic ribosomes serves as a platform to bind biogenesis factors that help the newly synthesized protein to mature. This study provided insights into the structural composition of this important site of mitochondrial ribosomes and revealed the positioning of Cbp3 at the tunnel exit region, a chaperone required specifically for the assembly of the bc1 complex. In my further work I found that Cbp3 structurally and functionally forms a tight complex with Cbp6 and that this complex exhibits fundamental roles in the biogenesis of cytochrome b, the mitochondrially encoded subunit of the bc1 complex. Bound to the ribosome, Cbp3-Cbp6 stimulates translation of the cytochrome b mRNA (COB mRNA). Cbp3-Cbp6 then binds the fully synthesized cytochrome b, thereby stabilizing and guiding it further through bc1 complex assembly. The next steps involve the recruitment of the assembly factor Cbp4 to the Cbp3-Cbp6/cytochrome b complex and presumably acquisition of two redox active heme b cofactors. During further assembly Cbp3-Cbp6 is released from cytochrome b, can again bind to the ribosome and activate further rounds of COB mRNA translation. The dual role of Cbp3-Cbp6 in both translation and assembly allows the complex to act as a regulatory switch to modulate the level of cytochrome b synthesis in response to the bc1 complex assembly process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University , 2012. , 54 p.
mitochondria, respiratory chain assembly, bc1 complex, mitochondrial gene expression, translational regulation, hemylation
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81033ISBN: 978-91-7447-534-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81033DiVA: diva2:559159
2012-12-07, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Winge, Dennis, Prof.
Ott, Martin, PhD
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Manuscript.2012-11-152012-10-082012-11-07Bibliographically approved
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