From National Defence to International Operations?: A study on the transformation of Sweden's armed forces between 1989-2009
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Since the cold war, most countries have moved on from the classical security perception that all threats are external and aiming to invade the sovereignty of the state, thus leading to military armies fighting each other. Instead as Globalization have become more predominant since the beginning of the 1990’s new threats have also emerged that militaries can’t fight as they used to, thus it has become necessary for a wider view on security which also involves human suffering, and the general trend among armies have been to combat these through international peacekeeping and humanitarian operations. This study aims at showing the change in which the Swedish army have undergone since the end of the cold war and into modern days, both in terms of political decisions and also show how the use of language have been changed throughout the course. The thesis covers a time period between 1989 to 2009 and following the process of change from the Swedish political institution that works with military issues, called the Försvarsutskottet or the FöU and the method applied is process tracing with a detailed narrative. Several important conceptions are also explained such as Globalization, Collective security and Human security, which will make the result chapter more understandable. The results showed that the biggest changes in Sweden’s military policy came in three steps, the beginning of the 1990’s was influenced with economic problems for Sweden which also lead to budget downsizings in the military. The mid-1990’s was the time where there existed no real external threat to Sweden, and hence it came to be dominated by several large reforms which also aimed at lowering the costs of the military and adapt it into becoming rapid response forces. After the 9/11 attacks in 2001 the new threats emerged and the Swedish military focused even more on improving their international and humanitarian operations. The thesis ends by discussing these finding and present some changes in the use of languages in-between the 20 years.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 60 p.
Military, Swedish, Transformation, 1989, 2009, military policy, process tracing, National security, International security, Collective Security, Human security, Globalization, Non-traditional security threats
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-21908OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-21908DiVA: diva2:558954
Subject / course
Peace and development
International Social Sciences Programme, specialization Global Studies, 180 credits
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law
Nilsson, Manuela, Fil. dr
Nilsson, Anders, Lektor