Inside The Miscibility Gap: Nanostructuring and Phase Transformations in Hard Nitride Coatings
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis is concerned with self-organization phenomena in hard and wear resistant transition-metal nitride coatings, both during growth and during post deposition thermal annealing. The uniting physical principle in the studied systems is the immiscibility of their constituent parts, which leads, under certain conditions, to structural variations on the nanoscale. The study of such structures is challenging, and during this work atom probe tomography (apt) was developed as a viable tool for their study. Ti0.33Al0.67N was observed to undergo spinodal decomposition upon annealing to 900 °C, by the use of apt in combination with electron microscopy. The addition of C to TiSiN was found to promote and refine the feather-like microstructure common in the system, with an ensuing decrease in thermal stability. An age-hardening of 36 % was measured in arc evaporated Zr0.44Al0.56N1.20, which was a nanocomposite of cubic, hexagonal, and amorphous phases. Magnetron sputtering of Zr0.64Al0.36N at 900 °C resulted in a self-organized and highly ordered growth of a two-dimensional two-phase labyrinthine structure of cubic ZrN and wurtzite AlN.The structure was analyzed and recovered by apt, although the ZrN phase suffered from severe trajectory aberrations, rendering only the Al signal useable.The initiation of the organized growth was found to occur by local nucleation at 5-8 nm from the substrate, before which random fluctuations in Al/Zr content increased steadily from the substrate. Finally, the decomposition of solid-solution TiB0.33N0.67 was found, by apt, to progress through the nucleation of TiB0.5N0.5 and TiN, followed by the transformation of the former into hexagonal TiB2.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012. , 69 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1472
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-84263ISBN: 978-91-7519-809-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-84263DiVA: diva2:558401
2012-10-19, Planck, Fysikhuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Kopnarski, Michael, Professor
Hultman, Lars, ProfessorOdén, Magnus, Professor
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