Postoperative aspects of inguinal hernia surgery: pain and recurrences
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Approximately one in four men will have surgery for ingunial hernia in their lifetime. In Sweden, 16 000 procedures are performed each year. To investigate the possible link between handling of nerves and sensory disturbance, 97 groins in 92 patients were examined one year after inguinal hernia surgery. Sensory disturbances were found to be common after open surgery (29 %), but were not seen after the laparoscopic procedures. No significant relationship between sensory disturbance and handling of nerves or pain was seen. The risk for recurrence has been significantly reduced due to the use of prosthetic meshes, but continued surveillance of this important outcome will always be necessary. In that context, the time frame in which recurrence develops in relation to possible risk factors can help our understanding of the underlying mechanisms. To explore such temporal relationships, 142,578 patients were included in a register study. A relative over-risk for early recurrence was seen after suture repair, laparoscopic repair, after postoperative complications, and after surgery for previous recurrence. Corticosteroids are known to decrease pain and nausea after several surgical procedures. In a randomised trial on open hernia surgery, 398 patients were randomised to treatment with 12 mg of betamethasone or placebo. Decreased levels of pain were seen on the day of surgery, the next day and after one month. No difference was seen on days 2-7 and after one year. Nausea was not common and did not differ between the groups. Reoperation is sometimes performed to correct a presumed structural defect thought to cause the long-term pain. In order to evaluate the result of such treatment, 111 cases were analysed based on register data, questionnaires and medical records. Sixty-two per-cent of the patients reported an improvement compared to before the reoperation, but a high level of pain remaining (42 %), and impaired quality of life was seen. There was no clear advantage for any surgical intervention over the other.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2012. , 56 p.
Örebro Studies in Medicine, ISSN 1652-4063 ; 78
Inguinal hernia, surgery, pain, reoperation, recurrence, betamethasone, sensory disturbance, nerve, groin
Medical and Health Sciences Surgery
Research subject Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26054ISBN: 978-91-7668-902-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-26054DiVA: diva2:557548
2012-12-07, Wilandersalen, Universitetssjukhuset, Örebro, (USÖ), Örebro, 13:00 (English)
Miserez, Marc, Professor
Sandblom, GabrielGunnarsson, UlfHedberg, Mats
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