Functional studies on the Light-harvesting-Like (LiL) Proteins in Cyanobacteria and Cryptophytes
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The light-harvesting like (LiL) proteins are a widely spread group of proteins within photosynthetic organisms. They are membrane proteins composed of one to four transmembrane helices and – in homology to the light-harvesting complexes of algae and higher plants – at least one of these transmembrane helices contains the chlorophyll a/b-binding (CAB) domain. Opposite to the light-harvesting antenna complexes, LiL proteins are stress induced and they have been shown to be involved in protection of the photosynthetic apparatus. The work presented in this thesis is focused on understanding the function of one-helical LiL proteins of the cryptophyte algae Guillardia theta and the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. G. theta contains two genes encoding LiL proteins, one is localized in the plastid (hlipP), the other in the nucleomorph (HlipNm). Both genes are expressed in normal growth condition, but they are not induced by high light. Immunostaining indicated that HlipNm is translated, but not light-induced. These proteins therefore seem not to be involved in photoprotective mechanisms of G. theta. In the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 four one-helical LiL proteins were identified, they are called Small CAB-like Proteins (SCPs); a fifth LiL (ScpA) is fused with the ferrochelatase (FC), an enzyme involved in the heme synthesis. Our analysis revealed that SCPs are involved in the de novo assembly/repair cycle of Photosystem II, stabilizing the chlorophyll pigments at their protein scaffold. The in vitro characterization of the recombinant FC showed that ScpA is involved in the product-release of the catalytic domain of the enzyme, thereby regulating substrate availability for chlorophyll- or heme- biosynthesis. Finally, using a transcriptomic and metabolomic approaches, I was able to show that deletion of all SCP genes has profound impact on the cell organization and metabolism. In SCP-depleted cells, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is increased, while the amount of Photosystem II per cell volume is decreased, causing a macronutrient-deficient phenotype. Therefore, SCPs are important for stress protection and help to maintain a metabolic equilibrium within the cell.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University , 2012. , 67 p.
Photosynthesis, cyanobacteria, Guillardia theta, photosystem II, chlorophyll-binding proteins, onehelix LiL proteins, photoprotection
Research subject Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59801ISBN: 978-91-7459-486-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-59801DiVA: diva2:556757
2012-10-26, KBC-huset, KB3A9, Umeå University, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Hagemann, Martin, Professor
Funk, Christiane, Professor
List of papers