Occupational therapy practice for clients with cognitive impairments following aquired brain injury: occupational therapists' perspective
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The overall aim of this thesis was to describe occupational therapy practice for clients with cognitive impairment following acquired brain injury (CIABI) from the perspective of practicing occupational therapists (OTs).
To fulfill this aim, qualitative and quantitative approaches were used including interviews (Study I) and questionnaires (Studies II -IV). Based on the qualitative descriptions generated in Study I, a questionnaire was developed and evaluated for content validity and test-rest validity (Study II). The questionnaire was then used in a survey (Study III). The reactive Delphi technique was used to empirically define the aspects that OTs found to be consistent with the concept of therapeutic use of self (Study IV).
The results showed that a predominant practice pattern was the use of ADL activities for intervention regardless of whether limitations in occupational performance or cognitive function were assessed, or whether the approach to therapy was remedial or compensatory. General ADL-instruments were used more than instruments focused on impairment level. Therapies covering a wide range of cognitive impairments, and abilities important to organizing and executing occupational performance were commonly targeted. Therapies targeting clients’ activity limitations were prioritized before remediating impairment. Therapeutic use of self was regarded as being important and the results identified clientspecific aims not earlier described in relation to therapeutic use of self. Another prominent practice pattern was the collaborative approach toward clients, relatives, and other staff. Theories used to support practice were primarily general. Occupational therapy practice for clients with CIABI was found to be complex, and the practice patterns were affected by circumstances such as the ‘hidden’ nature of the cognitive impairments, perceived lack of knowledge, and organizational issues. The results of this thesis can be used as a foundation for further research on practice patterns or the specific therapies used. It can facilitate discussions on strengths and weaknesses witcurrent practice, the need for development, and research utilization.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2012. , 89 p.
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 41
occupational therapy, cognition, rehabilitation, practice, acquired brain injury, stroke, TBI, assessment, intervention
Occupational Therapy Other Health Sciences
Research subject Occupational therapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26007ISBN: 978-91-7668-903-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-26007DiVA: diva2:556617
2012-12-07, Örebro universitet, Prismahuset, hörsal HSP2, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:00 (Swedish)
Lilja, Margareta, Professor
Ivarsson, Ann-Britt, Associate ProfessorKamwendo, Kitty, DocentHolmefur, Marie, Associate Professor
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