Regulation of insulin producing cells, stress responses and metabolism in Drosophila
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In Drosophila, neuropeptides have regulatory roles in development, growth, metabolism and reproduction. This study focused on GABA and the neuropeptides Drosophila tachykinin (DTK), short neuropeptide F (sNPF), adipokinetic hormone (AKH), corazonin (CRZ) and Drosophila insulin-like peptides (DILPs) as possible regulators of metabolic stress responses and homeostasis. We showed that metabotropic GABAB receptors (GBRs) are expressed on brain insulin producing cells (IPCs), suggesting an inhibitory regulation of these cells by GABA. Knockdown of GBR on IPCs shortened lifespan and stress resistance, altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism at stress (paper I). We showed that three different neuropeptides; DTK, sNPF and ITP, are co-expressed in five pairs of adult neurosecretory cells (paper II). ITP-knock down was not studied yet, but sNPF- and DTK-knock down flies showed decreased stress resistance at desiccation and starvation and decreased water levels at desiccation, suggesting that these peptides are involved in water homeostasis during stress conditions. sNPF was previously shown to affect feeding, growth and DILP expression via the IPCs, but it was not known which sNPF-expressing neurons are responsible for these actions. We could identify a specific set of bilateral neurons (DLPs) that co-express sNPF and corazonin that target the IPCs. We showed that these peptides co-released from DLPs regulate DILP transcription and probably release in the adult Drosophila brain and thus have roles in regulation of stress resistance and metabolism (paper III). AKH signaling was previously shown to affect hemolymph carbohydrate levels and lipid stores in Drosophila. Insulin (DILP) signaling and AKH signaling are suggested to have opposing effects on lipid and sugar metabolism in Drosophila. We studied the possible functional relationship between these two systems; do they mutually regulate each other? Our results suggest action of DILPs via the Insulin Receptor on the IPCs and the AKH producing cells, but we could not provide evidence for AKH action on IPCs or AKH cells (paper IV).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: Department of Zoology, Stockholm Univeristy , 2012. , 33 p.
Insulin signaling, Drosophila melanogaster, peptide hormones, neuropeptides, GABA
Research subject Functional Zoomorphology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80518ISBN: 978-91-7447-582-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-80518DiVA: diva2:556121
2012-10-26, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Ferrus, Alberto, Prof.
Nässel, Dick R., Prof
FunderSwedish Research Council
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Epub ahead of print. Paper 4: Manuscript.2012-10-042012-09-242014-10-28Bibliographically approved
List of papers