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Dekonversion och självuppfattning: En religionspsykologisk studie av dekonvertiters berättelser
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study focuses on aspects of cult experiences, given by deconverted former

members of closed religious movements. Their testimonies were published in

books or interviews. The aims of the study were to understand the interaction

between the religious group and its members, living in high tension towards

mainstream society and their testimonies of altered self-esteem during attraction,

membership, deconversion and defection. The purpose was to understand how a

person´s self-esteem is affected by inner mechanisms of closed religious

movements and how these experiences affects a persons identity. Another aspect

was whether there might be differences in altered self-esteem, between those who

enlisted as adults, and those who were born into the closed religious contexts.

Social Identity Theory, Sigmund Freud´s and Carl Rogers models of personal ego

were used as models of interpretations. Qualitative methods have been used for

analysis of data. The defectors´ testimonies could be interpretated in terms of

altered social identity. During attraction and membership, the members perceived

him or herself as an in-group member, which boosted their self-esteem. Their

perceived selves existed in congruence with group norms. Being a former

member lead to a reversed process of socialisation and self perception, during

which the out-group became a new in-group in order to enhance self-esteem.

Those, who enlisted as adults, reformed back to their former identity and thereby

enhanced their self-esteem by integrating their cult experiences with their former

self. Those, who were born into the religious movements, had troubles to adapt to

mainstream society, as they did not have any alternative personal identity outside

the group, and therefore experienced difficulties to enhance self-esteem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
self-esteem, defection, personal identity, social identity, ideal-self, real-self, congruence
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-181366OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-181366DiVA: diva2:555939
Subject / course
History of Religion and Social Sciences of Religion
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-09-24 Created: 2012-09-23 Last updated: 2012-09-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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