Epistemic marking in Ika (Arwako)
2012 (English)In: Studies in Language, ISSN 0378-4177, E-ISSN 1569-9978, Vol. 36, no 1, 154-181 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The paper describes epistemic marking in Ika (Arwako-Chibchan, Colombia) and proposes an analysis in terms of a typologically unusual pattern called conjunct/disjunct, which has been attested for a small number of Asian and South American languages. Canonically, conjunct occurs with first person subjects in statements and with second person in questions, as opposed to any other combination of subject and sentence-type, which is disjunct. The pattern found in Ika both conforms to expectations and, at the same time, contributes to a more nuanced analysis of the functional motivations of the conjunct/disjunct pattern. In Ika, conjunct marking encodes the speaker's direct access to an event that involves either (or both) of the speech participants. In addition, conjunct/disjunct marking interacts predictably with a second set of epistemic markers that encode asymmetries in the epistemic authority of the speaker and the addressee. The analysis builds on first-hand data but remains tentative, awaiting further investigation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 36, no 1, 154-181 p.
epistemic marking, conjunct/disjunct, egophoricity, Chibchan, Colombia, knowledge asymmetry
General Language Studies and Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80129DOI: 10.1075/sl.36.1.05berISI: 000306446200005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-80129DiVA: diva2:553219
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2011 - 2274