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Target Classification Based on Kinematics
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Klassificering av flygande objekt med hjälp av kinematik (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Modern aircraft are getting more and better sensors. As a result of this, the pilots are getting moreinformation than they can handle. To solve this problem one can automate the information processingand instead provide the pilots with conclusions drawn from the sensor information. An aircraft’smovement can be used to determine which class (e.g. commercial aircraft, large military aircraftor fighter) it belongs to. This thesis focuses on comparing three classification schemes; a Bayesianclassification scheme with uniform priors, Transferable Belief Model and a Bayesian classificationscheme with entropic priors.The target is modeled by a jump Markov linear system that switches between different modes (flystraight, turn left, etc.) over time. A marginalized particle filter that spreads its particles over thepossible mode sequences is used for state estimation. Simulations show that the results from Bayesianclassification scheme with uniform priors and the Bayesian classification scheme with entropic priorsare almost identical. The results also show that the Transferable Belief Model is less decisive thanthe Bayesian classification schemes. This effect is argued to come from the least committed principlewithin the Transferable Belief Model. A fixed-lag smoothing algorithm is introduced to the filter andit is shown that the classification results are improved. The advantage of having a filter that remembersthe full mode sequence (such as the marginalized particle filter) and not just determines the currentmode (such as an interacting multiple model filter) is also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 84 p.
Keyword [en]
Target Classification, Transferable Belief Model, Entropic Priors, Jump Markov Linear System, Marginalized Particle Filter, Fixed-lag Smoothing, Interacting Multiple Model
National Category
Control Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81216ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--12/4622--SEOAI: diva2:551020
External cooperation
Subject / course
Automatic Control
2012-09-07, Algoritmen i B-Huset, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 07:36 (Swedish)
Available from: 2012-09-11 Created: 2012-09-10 Last updated: 2012-09-11Bibliographically approved

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