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Experimenteller Guss von wikingerzeitlichen Barockspangen: eine Vorstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
Københavns Tekniske Skole.
2012 (German)In: Experimentelle Archäologie in Europa: Bilanz 2012, Oldenburg: Isensee , 2012, 151-164 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Experimental casting of baroque shaped brooches from the Viking Age. Apre-study: In the history of Scandinavian art, three-dimensional ornaments on castedmetal objects is a phenomenon rarely seen before the Viking Age. A wide range oftheories has been introduced in order to explain the genesis of this new pictoriallanguage. During this discourse, scholars tended to stress the importance of organicmaterials (mostly lost) as a source of inspiration for metal casters. A popular example forcarvings still preserved, would be the woodwork from Oseberg. However, one oftenneglects that casting and carving are different production techniques. This very fact mighthave posed an obstacle for any motif transfer. Therefore, it seems well-advised toinvestigate the technical conditions of three-dimensional casting before hypothetisizingon the mechanisms of motif transfer between different materials. One typical example ofthe Viking Age penchant for the third dimension is the “baroque shaped” brooch. In thebeginning, these brooches are dominated by a two-dimensional relief. Then, threedimensionalornaments gradually take over. Considering these circumstances, baroqueshaped brooches represent an ideal candidate for a case study concerning theimplementation of three-dimensional casting. Instead of creating another unprovablehypothesis of motif transfer, we have the unique chance to see, how a narrow circle ofViking Age casters gradually advanced into the third dimension. Probably as a result ofcire-perdue, archaeology has not yet been able to identify any molds for baroque shapedbrooches to provide us with further information about the manufacturing process. Hence,one must settle on remaining production traces in order to hypothesize about the originalcasting technique. 2010-2011, these hypotheses came to the test. Thus, the bottom plateof a baroque shaped brooch was recreated in the context of an experimental pre-study.As a result of our dynamic experiments, we have found that the Viking Age casters inquestion might have used a peculiar casting technique that – as a kind of by-product –promoted the development of three-dimensional Animal Art. However, due to the limitedscope of this pre-study, our results need to be scrutinized within future experiments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oldenburg: Isensee , 2012. 151-164 p.
, Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Nordwestdeutschland. Beiheft, 99-0833357-7
Keyword [en]
Viking brooches, Animal Art, Puzzle pictures, Animal Style, Gripping Beast, Viking, Metal Casting, Animal Art, Iconography, Viking art, Viking Age, Dress adornment, Viking ornament, Viking art, Metal Casting, Viking brooches, Metalwork, Viking ornament, Experimental Archaeology, Iconography, Gripping Beast, Experimental Archaeology, Metalwork
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-180570OAI: diva2:551006
Available from: 2012-10-23 Created: 2012-09-10 Last updated: 2012-10-23Bibliographically approved

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Neiß (Neiss), Michael
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