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3D laser scanning as a tool for Viking Age studies
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, USA.
Division of Biophysics, Stockholm University, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: Virtual archaeology: nondestructive methods of prospections, modeling, reconstructions: Proceedings of the First International Conference held at the State Hermitage Museum 4–6 June 2012 St. Petersburg, Russia: Виртуальная археология: неразрушающие методы исследований, моделирование, реконструкции: Материалы Первой Международной конференции, состоявшейся в Государственном Эрмитаже 4–6 июня 2012 г. / [ed] Daria Yu. Hookk (Дарья Ю. Гук), St. Petersburg: The State Hermitage Publishers , 2013, 170-184 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Three-dimensional (3D) laser scanners are becoming increasingly more affordable and user-friendly, making 3D-modeling tools more widely available to researchers in various countries and disciplines. In archaeology, 3D-modeling has the particular advantages of facilitating the documentation and analysis of objects that are fragile, rare, and often difficult to access. We have previously shown that 3D-modeling is a highly useful tool for shape analysis of archaeological bone material, due to the high measurement accuracy inherent in the latest generation of 3D laser scanners (Sholts et al. 2010; 2011). In this work, we explore the utility of 3D-modeling as a tool for Viking Age artefact analysis. To test the usefulness of 3D-modeling when analyzing artefacts with a very complex morphology, we chose highly ornate Viking Age baroque shaped brooches as study objects. These baroque shaped brooches constitute a group of dress ornaments mainly encountered in eastern Viking Age Scandinavia. Due to their large cast and/or attached bosses they obtain an almost baroque appearance, hence their name (cf. Jansson 1984: p. 81). They appear in two major versions, i.e. circular or equal armed, and in two kinds of material, i.e. silver- and copper-based alloys. Because of the position of bronze brooches in burial contexts, it appears they were used to fasten the cape or shawl in the female dress (cf. Jansson 1984: p. 75ff., Aagård 1984: p. 96ff.; Neiß 2006, figs. 3, 4; Capelle 1962: p. 106). For the present work a recently excavated brooch from Denmark was analyzed, together with three Russian brooches with nearly iconic status in the field of Viking Age studies. In the three case studies, we investigated possible uses of 3D-modeling for artefact analysis, artefact reconstruction, and tool mark and motif analysis. Exploring the usefulness of 3D-modeling for these purposes allowed us to draw conclusions regarding how 3D-analysis can be best incorporated into future artefact analysis. In addition, the case studies allowed us to gain new insights about the baroque shaped brooches and their uses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
St. Petersburg: The State Hermitage Publishers , 2013. 170-184 p.
Keyword [en]
Viking, Methodology, Animal Art, 3d Modeling, Animal Art, 3D Laser scanning, Gripping Beast, Viking ornament, Viking art, Metal Casting, Laser Scanning, Княжеские знаки Владимира, Rurik, Gnëzdovo, Archaeology, Гнëздово, Iconography, Dress adornment, Animal Style, Viking Age in Russia, Rurikids, Гнeздово, Metalwork, Viking Rus, Viking brooches, Viking Age, Puzzle pictures
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-180568ISBN: 978-5-93572-516-7OAI: diva2:551004
The First International Conference held at the State Hermitage Museum; 4–6 June 2012; St. Petersburg, Russia
3D-laserskanning som verktyg vid vikingatidsstudier

Forskningsfinansiärer: Helge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse, Svenska institutet (Visby-programmet), Kungliga vitterhets historie och antikvitets akademin (Montelius minnesfond); Svenska fornminnesforeningen

Available from: 2012-09-10 Created: 2012-09-10 Last updated: 2013-06-04Bibliographically approved

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