Mapping local European heat resources: a spatial approach to identify favourable synergy regions for district heating
2012 (English)In: / [ed] Morten Hofmeister, 2012, 261-270 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
A major setback in standard generic energy modelling is that national conditions constitute the basis for analysis. By such an approach, heat and energy assets, demands, and distribution structures are viewed from an aggregated perspective not permitting insight into unique local circumstances and conditions. As a consequence, genuinely local synergy opportunities, e.g. recovery and utilisation of excess heat from various activities and sources by distribution in district heating systems, are often ignored or overlooked in generic forecasts.
The ambitious European targets to increase energy efficiency in future power and heat distribution and use acts as a force to address local conditions in a more systematic and thorough sense than previously elaborated. Increased utilisation of local heat assets and recovered excess heat from local activities, to provide space and tap water heating in residential and service sectors, can replace and thus substitute large shares of natural gas and electricity currently being used to satisfy low temperature heat demands. Spatial screening and identification of local conditions throughout Europe, by use of NUTS3 regions as analytical level of reference, can disclose favourable synergy regions by combining information on local heat assets and demands, and hence provide additional and pivotal information to energy modellers.
In this study, local conditions such as excess heat from thermal power generation plants, Waste-to-Energy incineration facilities, energy intensive industrial processes, and renewable heat assets (geothermal and solar), are depicted together with heat demand concentrations, using GIS based spatial information, to visualise the possibilities of mapping local European heat resources.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. 261-270 p.
Local heat resources, excess heat recovery, district heating, GIS analysis, heat synergy opportunity zones
Energy Engineering Energy Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-19547OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-19547DiVA: diva2:550932
13th International Symposium on District Heating and Cooling, Copenhagen, Denmark, 3rd & 4th of September, 2012