Trafikverkets effektstyrningssystem - EFS 132 kV: Bidraget till minskade förluster
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The technological legacy from the early electrification of the Swedish railroads has resulted in a power grid with a lower grid frequency than the national power grid from which it is fed. Energy transfer between these power grids with different frequencies requires substations, adapting the grid frequency for the rail road power grid. For this purpose, a feeding power grid has been built, stretching across the country from Boden in the north to Tälle/Häggvik in the south.Power transfer in the Swedish power grid results in voltage angle differences which increase with increasing loads and transfer distance. These voltage angle differences are transferred from the power feeding substations to the rail road power grid, will in some extent cause loss of energy due to unwanted power flows from north to south.To minimize the losses due to this phenomenon, a power management system called EFS 132 kV has been developed and implemented. The system minimizes the unwanted power flows and controls the desired power flow for a good distribution of loads between the power feeding substations.This thesis investigates the extent of the transmission losses avoided due to the EFS 132 kV that coordinates the idling angles to a common reference point.The results indicate that EFS 132 kV affects the power flow, especially between the northern substations through an improved load distribution. The annual energy savings due to transfer losses are estimated at 24 GWh.The system’s power flows has been analyzed to detect weaknesses and losses and the opportunities and constraints facing a continued system improvement work.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 43 p.
Elkraftteknik, effektstyrning, effektöverföring, förluster, trafikverket, järnväg
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-58961OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-58961DiVA: diva2:550445
Bachelor of Science Programme in Energy Engineering
Weinehall, Dan, Univ.adjunkt
Östin, Ronny, Universitetslektor