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Reciprocity as Salvation: Christ as Salvific Patron and the Corresponding ‘Payback’ Expected of Christ’s Earthly Clients according to the Second Letter of Clement
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Old and New Testament Exegesis, New Testament Exegesis.
2013 (English)In: New Testament Studies, ISSN 0028-6885, E-ISSN 1469-8145, Vol. 59, no 3, 433-456 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyzes the widely misunderstood concept of 'payback' or 'repayment' (alpha nu tau iota mu iota sigma theta iota alpha) that, according to the so-called Second Letter of Clement, believers owe to Christ. Much of the secondary literature is laden with theological polemics (e. g. the author perverts Paul's gospel of grace), rather than an attempt to understand this concept relative to social relationships in antiquity. I argue that Second Clement presents Christ as salvific benefactor and patron. Christ offers salvation to those who accept the terms of his patronage, terms that include the obligation to render 'payback'-for example, in the form of praise, witness, loyalty, and almsgiving. A failure to accept these terms would jeopardize the relationship between Christ and his earthly clients and thus call theirsalvation into question. As a corollary, I propose that a likely purpose for Second Clement was to convince a Christian audience that the benefits of salvation come with recurring obligations to Christ, their salvific patron.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press: Society of New Testament Studies (SNTS) , 2013. Vol. 59, no 3, 433-456 p.
Keyword [en]
2 Clement, reciprocity, patronage, soteriology, orthopraxis
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Research subject
New Testament Exegesis
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-180400DOI: 10.1017/S0028688512000380ISI: 000320124500008OAI: diva2:550011
Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2013-09-04Bibliographically approved

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