Preparation and characterization of a metal hydride electrode
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Tillverkning och karakterisering av en metallhydridelektrod (Swedish)
Metal hydrides are used as anode material in nickel metal hydride batteries and are of particular interest because of the potential to be a part of energy systems completely involving renewable sources (e.g. solar power, wind power etc.). Preparation and electrochemical characterization of metal hydride electrodes have not previously been performed at the Department of Chemistry – Ångström Laboratory. Two basic techniques that are desired to be used in the characterization are cyclic voltammetry and chronopotentiometry. This thesis work is aimed at preparation and electrochemical characterization of a metal hydride electrode and, as a complement, study the electrode with X-ray diffraction.
LaNi3.55Co0.75Mn0.4Al0.3, a standard material for metal hydride electrodes previously studied by Khaldi et al. was chosen, to ensure that electrochemical absorption of hydrogen was possible, and to be able to compare electrochemical results [1-3]. LaNi3.55Co0.75Mn0.4Al0.3 was synthesized with arc melting, with additional annealing at 900˚C for five days, ground in a cemented carbide ball mill and sieved to less than 56 µm.
Electrodes were prepared containing 90 wt.-% of LaNi3.55Co0.75Mn0.4Al0.3 powder, 5 wt.-% of polytetrafluoroethylene and 5 wt.-% of carbon black. The hydrogen absorption and desorption capabilities of the electrode were studied electrochemically with cyclic voltammetry and chronopotentiometry, and the structural changes associated with absorption of hydrogen was studied with X-ray diffraction.
The capacity increased, probably from activation of the material, during initial cycling up to the maximum capacity of 294 mAh/g, obtained after 9 cycles, followed by a small decrease, probably caused by corrosion and passivation of the material, in capacity of the remaining 11 cycles. Activation of the material causes the charge and the discharge potential to shift to a more positive and a more negative value, respectively. The final values for the charge potential and the discharge potential were -841mV and -945 mV vs. Hg/HgO, respectively, after 16 cycles. Khalid et al. [1-3]reported a maximum capacity of 300 mAh/g, a charge potential of about -960 mV and a discharge potential of about -840 mV after 16 cycles the results obtained in this study are considered to be in good agreement with those reported.
X-ray diffraction of the electrodes revealed, as expected, a cell volume change of the charged electrode compared to the discharged electrode. The change in cell volume corresponds to an estimated capacity of 303 mAh/g, which is very close to the, above mentioned, electrochemically obtained maximum capacity of 294 mAh/g.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 29 p.
UPTEC K, ISSN 1650-8297 ; 12017
metal hydride, electrodes, cyclic voltammetry, chronopotentiometry, XRD
Other Chemical Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-180160OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-180160DiVA: diva2:549664
Master Programme in Chemical Engineering
Ångström, Jonas, doctoral studentHäggblad Sahlberg, Martin, researcherRoberts, Matthew, researcher
Björefors, Fredrik, associate professorBerger, Rolf, professor