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Assessment of magnetic cooling for domestic applications
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Magnetic cooling is an emerging refrigeration technology with potential to surpass the performance of vapour compression devices. It has been successfully applied in the cryogenic temperature ranges, where magnetic cooling gas liquefiers surpass the performance of conventional liquefaction systems.

Magnetic refrigeration technology is based on the magnetocaloric effect, a characteristic present in all magnetic materials and alloys. In magnetic thermodynamic cycles, magnetization of a magnetocaloric material is equivalent to the compression of a gas, while demagnetization is equivalent to expansion of a gas, with a subsequent diminution of the entropy.

In this thesis, the applicability of this technology to the domestic environment is reviewed. First, the thermodynamics of magnetic refrigeration are explored. Then, a comprehensive review of magnetocaloric materials suitable for use at room temperature is presented. To ascertain the state of the art, the most relevant prototypes and their performances have been described. Concluding the documentation, a survey on the existing mathematic models has been performed, that provided the foundation to create a Matlab model of a magnetic refrigeration device.

To gain greater insight on the internal working of these devices, a representative room temperature cooling device has been modelled, and used to simulate a magnetic refrigerator and room air conditioner. Its performance has been analysed and compared with that of vapour compression devices. Also, the influence of parameters such as magnetic field applied, temperature span, refrigerant fluid and different regenerator configurations has been investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 156 p.
Keyword [en]
magnetic cooling model simulation assessment domestic applications
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-101447OAI: diva2:547726
2012-08-21, ETTBibliotek, 14:30 (English)
Available from: 2012-09-19 Created: 2012-08-28 Last updated: 2012-09-19Bibliographically approved

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