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Den raka vägen: En studie om islamistiska organisationer och islamisk konvertering bland unga vuxna
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats handlar muslimskt konvertering bland unga vuxna i Sverige. Syftet är att undersöka vilka påverkansfaktorer som ligger bakom förekomsten av denna typ av konvertering. Genom att intervjua fyra konvertiter undersöks olika upplevelser, tankar och händelser i deras liv som kan ha bidragit till deras konvertering. Dessutom undersöks tillgången till information som en av de främsta förutsättningarna till att tidigare sekulära personer som rört sig i icke-religiösa miljöer genomgår en sådan omfattande livsstilsförändring som konvertering innebär. Denna information kan i många fall härledas till islamistiska organisationer och rörelser som medvetet riktar sig till yngre personer som lever i icke-muslimska länder. Vidare finns det ett syfte att undersöka hur denna islamistiskt präglade information påverkar konvertiternas trosuppfattning och religionsutövning. Urvalet består av fyra personer som vuxit upp i sekulära omgivningar och därmed inte uppfostrats till praktiserande muslimer. Intervjupersonerna består av två män och två kvinnor i åldrarna 20 till 25, som på eget initiativ konverterat till islam i myndig ålder. Dessutom intervjuades en representant från en islamistisk organisation i Sverige. Syftet med denna intervju var att undersöka hur denna rörelse arbetar gällande spridning av information samt rekrytering av medlemmar.

Resultatet visade att samtliga konvertiter som intervjuades hade upplevt svårigheter och trauman i livet som enligt dem ledde till konvertering till islam. Detta kan jämföras med de islamistiska organisationernas uttalade ambitioner att inspirera unga vuxna som på något sätt lever utanför samhället eller upplever svårigheter i livet. Samtliga konvertiter uppgav även att de främst utgått från information på internet och böcker som publicerats av islamistiska organisationer. De menade alla att konverteringen fungerat som en lösning på deras tidigare upplevda problem och svårigheter.

Abstract [en]

This essay deals with Islamic conversion among young adults in Sweden. The aim is to explore the influencing factors behind the occurrence of this type of conversion. By interviewing four converts, various experiences, thoughts and events in their lives that may have contributed to their conversion is explored. The availability of information as one of the main prerequisites for previous secular people who were raised in the non-religious environments to undergo such a major lifestyle change that conversion means is also explored in this essay. This information can often be traced to Islamic organizations and movements that are deliberately aimed at young people living in non-Muslim countries. Furthermore, there is a purpose to examine how this Islamist influenced information affects convert in their beliefs and religious practice. The sample consists of four people who have grown up in secular surroundings and thereby not brought up to be practicing Muslims. The respondents consist of two men and two women aged 20 to 25, who on their own initiative, converted to Islam after the age of 18. There were also an interview with a representative from an Islamic organization in Sweden. The purpose of this interview was to explore how this movement deals with the spreading of information and recruiting members. The results showed that all the converts who were interviewed had experienced difficulties and traumas in their life which according to themselves led to a conversion to Islam. This can be compared to the Islamist organizations' stated ambitions to inspire young adults who in some way live outside the community or are experiencing difficulties in life. All converts also reported that they received most of the information on the Internet and books published by Islamic organizations. All of them stated that the conversion worked as a solution to their previously experienced problems and difficulties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 44 p.
Keyword [en]
conversion, Islam, Islamism, religiosity
Keyword [sv]
konvertering, islam, islamism, religiositet
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-16954OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-16954DiVA: diva2:546803
Subject / course
Sociologi
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-08-24 Created: 2012-08-24 Last updated: 2012-08-24Bibliographically approved

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