Teenage outcomes after speech and language impairment at preschool age
2012 (English)In: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, ISSN 1176-6328, Vol. 8, 221-227 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: Ten years ago, we published developmental data on a representative group of children (n = 25) with moderate or severe speech and language impairment, who were attending special preschools for children. The aim of this study was to perform a follow-up of these children as teenagers. Methods: Parents of 23 teenagers participated in a clinical interview that requested information on the child's current academic achievement, type of school, previous clinical assessments, and developmental diagnoses. Fifteen children participated in a speech and language evaluation, and 13 participated in a psychological evaluation. Results: Seven of the 23 teenagers had a mild intellectual disability, and another three had borderline intellectual functioning. Nine had symptoms of disorders on the autism spectrum; five of these had an autism spectrum disorder, and four had clear autistic traits. Six met criteria for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)/subthreshold ADHD. Thirteen of 15 teenagers had a moderate or severe language impairment, and 13 of 15 had a moderate or severe reading impairment. Overlapping disorders were frequent. None of the individuals who underwent the clinical evaluation were free from developmental problems. Conclusion: A large number of children with speech and language impairment at preschool age had persistent language problems and/or met the criteria for developmental diagnoses other than speech and language impairment at their follow-up as teenagers. Language impairment in young children is a marker for several developmental disorders, particularly intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 8, 221-227 p.
language impairment, dyslexia, developmental disorders, autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, follow-up
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-79046DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S30106ISI: 000303999100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-79046DiVA: diva2:546659