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Effects of a shift from a mixed diet to a lacto-vegetarian diet on some coronary heart disease risk markers
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9291-9342
Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
2012 (English)In: Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, ISSN 2162-2477, E-ISSN 2162-2485, Vol. 2, no 1, 16-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

There is convincing evidence that vegetarians have lower incidence of coronary heart disease, but there is a debate as to why this is the case.

Objective:

The aim of the study was to investigate whether a shift from a mixed diet to a lacto-vegetarian diet would lead to a decrease in risk for coronary heart diseases indicated by surrogate markers.

Design:

Twenty volunteers participated in the study (4 men and 16 women, mean age 44 years, range 27 - 61) from a town in western Sweden. Clinical examinations were performed, blood samples were drawn and dietary survey, i.e. repeated 24-h recalls were carried out before (0 months) and 3, 6 and 12 months after the change from a mixed diet to a lacto-vegetarian diet. A dietician educated the volunteers with regard to the vegetarian dietary regimen, organized and taught the vegetarian cooking courses.

Results:

The dietary shift lead to an increase in the intake of total carbohydrates and fibre and a decrease in fat, protein and sucrose. The coronary heart disease risk markers body weight, body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and low-density lipoptrotein cholesterol decreased significantly.

Conclusions:

There was a decrease in disease risk markers even though the ratio polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids was unchanged. The main finding in this study is that there was a weight loss, sustained for one year, without any recommendation to decrease the energy intake or any focus on weight reduction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Irvine, CA: Scientific Research Publishing, 2012. Vol. 2, no 1, 16-22 p.
Keyword [en]
Diet, Vegetarian Diet, Coronary Heart Diseases
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-19280DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.21003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-19280DiVA: diva2:545493
Note

Funding: The Swedish Board for Planning and Coordination of Research, The Swedish Medical Research Council, The Swedish Foundation for Scientific Research without Animal Experiments, The Ekhaga Foundation and Hälsokostrådet

Available from: 2012-08-20 Created: 2012-08-20 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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