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Temperature induced stresses in a reactor containment building: A case study of Forsmark F1  
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Concrete Structures.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Temperaturinducerade spänningar i en reaktorinneslutning : En fallstudie av Forsmark F1   (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Målen med denna uppsats var att studera två aspekter av temperatur inducerade spänningar med referens till kärnkraftsanläggningen Forsmark F1. Ena aspekten inkluderade den termiska kyleffekten av de ventilerade spännkabelrören i cylinderväggen. Det var av intresse att studera om den termiska kyleffekten av de ventilerade spännkabelrören hade en positiv global effekt som var relevant att beakta i globala tredimensionella modeller. Den andra aspekten inkluderade inverkan av ingjutet stål i den övreringplattan. Med syftet att studera om ingjutet stål var en aspekt som ansågs nödvändigt att beakta i transienta analyser.

 

Huvudanalyseringsverktyg var finita element metoden (FEM), genom användning av det kommersiellt tillgängliga finita element programmet SOLVIA.

 

Inverkan av den termiska kyleffekten av de ventilerade spännkabelrören indikerade en spännings reducerande effekt, med reducerade zoner av sprucken betong i cylinderväggen vid förhöjda temperaturer. Inverkan av ingjutet stål indikerade ökade temperaturskillnader mellan det ingjutna stålet och den omgivande betongen, med sprucken betong lokalt mellan stålet och betongen vid förhöjda temperaturer. Den termiska kyleffekten av de ventilerade spännkabelrören ansågs relevant att beakta i globala tredimensionella modeller. Ingjutet stål ansågs vara nödvändigt att inkludera i transienta analyser.

Abstract [en]

The aims of this thesis were to study two aspects of temperature induced stresses with reference to the nuclear power plant Forsmark F1. One aspect included the thermal cooling effect of the ventilated tendon ducts in the cylinder wall. It was of interest to study if the thermal cooling effect of the ventilated tendon ducts had a positive global effect which was relevant to consider in global three-dimensional models. The other aspect included the influence of embedded steel in the upper ring slab. With the purpose to study if embedded steel was an aspect that was considered necessary to include in transient analyses.

 

The used main analysis tool was the finite element method (FEM), through the use of the commercially available finite element program SOLVIA.

 

The influence of the thermal cooling effect of the ventilated tendon ducts indicated a stress reducing effect, with reduced cracked concrete in the cylinder wall at elevated temperatures. The influence of embedded steel indicated increased temperature differences between the embedded steel and the surrounding concrete, with cracked concrete locally between the steel and the concrete at elevated temperatures. The thermal cooling effect of the ventilated tendon ducts was considered relevant to consider in global three-dimensional models. Embedded steel was considered necessary to include in transient analyses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
Series
Trita-BKN-Examensarbete, ISSN 1103-4297 ; 349
Keyword [en]
reactor containment building, temperature induced stresses, ventilated tendon ducts, embedded steel
Keyword [sv]
reaktor inneslutning, temperatur inducerade spänningar, ventilerade
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-100834OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-100834DiVA: diva2:545302
Subject / course
Concrete Structures
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Urban Management
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-08-19 Last updated: 2012-09-06Bibliographically approved

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