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Barn och ungdomar med fetma: Samband mellan upplevt problem och motivation till förändring
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNING

Syfte: Uppsatsens syfte var att undersöka om det fanns några samband mellan ålder, iso-BMI, upplevt problem av övervikten och motivation till förändring hos barnen som behandlas på överviktsenheten för barn och ungdom. Metod: Designen var en tvärsnittstudie med kvantitativ ansats och materialet är delar av de anamnesformulär som barnen fyllt i inför nybesöket på överviktsenheten samt iso-BMI från sjukhusjournaler. Statistiska analyser gjordes i SPSS. I studien ingick 118 barn; 54 flickor och 64 pojkar.                                                                   Resultat: Studien visade att 94,4 % av flickorna och 76,6% av pojkarna upplevde att deras övervikt var ett problem. Det fanns inget samband mellan iso-BMI och hur stort problem övervikten upplevdes som, men ett negativt samband mellan ålder och problemets upplevda storlek sågs i båda grupperna. Pojkar som upplevde övervikten som ett mindre problem hade högre tankar om sin förmåga att agera mot övervikten jämfört med de som upplevde övervikten som ett större problem. Resultaten visade även att de barn som trodde mycket på sin förmåga att agera mot övervikten också var mer redo att agera. Slutsats: Merparten av barnen som har kontakt med överviktsenheten upplever att deras övervikt är ett problem och det finns en koppling mellan barnets ålder och hur stort problemet upplevs. Övervikt och fetma hos barn och ungdom är ett stort samhällsproblem och fortsatta studier och utveckling av behandlingsmetoder är av stor vikt.

Abstract [en]

SUMMARY

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate whether there was any correlation between age, iso-BMI, experienced problem of overweight and motivation for change in the children being treated at the pediatric obesity clinical unit. Method: The design was a cross sectional study with quantitative data. The material is a part of the questionnaire that the children and their parents filled out before their first visit at the obesity unit and iso-BMI was collected from hospital records. SPSS was used for the statistical analysis. The study included 118 children; 54 girls and 64 boys. Results: The study showed that 94.4% of girls and 76.6% of boys felt that their obesity was a problem. There was no correlation between iso-BMI and experienced problem of the overweight. In both groups a negative correlation was found between age and how big the problem was seen. Boys who experienced their overweight as a minor problem had a higher confidence in their ability to act against their overweight compared to boys who experienced their overweight as a bigger problem. The results also showed that the children who thought highly of their ability to act against their overweight also were more ready to act. Conclusion: A majority of the children who have contact with the pediatric obesity clinical unit feel that their obesity is a problem and there is a correlation between the child's age and how big the problem is perceived. Overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is a major problem in our society and further studies and development of treatment is of great importance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 29 p.
Keyword [sv]
fetma, barn, ungdom, BMI, motivation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-177013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-177013DiVA: diva2:544672
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot hälso- och sjukvård för barn och ungdomar
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-08-17 Created: 2012-07-02 Last updated: 2012-08-17Bibliographically approved

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