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Environmental Policies and   the EKC: To   what extent can national environmental policies contribute to the EKC theory?   Sweden   and EU
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis is see if national policies regarding aimed at combating climate change could work even if international ones, such as the Kyoto Protocol, are considered to fail. The question was if environmental policies could be included as an explanatory variable for the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC). The environmental polices of interest were the market-based instrument, environmental taxes.


First, the hypothesis whether or not Sweden fit the EKC theory is tested, and this proves to be the case when looking at the years 1800-1996. Second, a hypothesis was tested to see if environmental taxes can help decreasing carbon emission intensity further once a country has reached its turning point. Comparing Sweden to six other countries from the European Union show that this is the case, although environmental taxes must be one of many tools and cannot work alone.


The study shows that the role of taxes were significant, thus showing their importance for the work on climate change. It is also observed that national policies do work, while regional, or international, ones are harder to conduct. The importance of national policies is enhanced since they will be guiding countries when deciding whether or not to commit to international policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 52 p.
Keyword [en]
EKC, Environmental Kuznets Curve, Environmental policies, CO2-emissions, Environmental taxes, GDP, Sweden, EU
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-19142OAI: diva2:543841
Subject / course
IHH, Economics
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2012-08-13 Created: 2012-08-10 Last updated: 2012-08-13Bibliographically approved

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