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Undersökning av avfallshanteringssystem: För ett nyexploaterat område i Ekhagen, Jönköping
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Study of waste management systems : For a new area of Ekhagen, Jönköping (English)
Abstract [en]

Outside of many Swedish households today, you will find a typical green wastecontainer. This container has not changed since its introduction, despitecomplaints about foul-smelling and its impractical system. Even if the system usedtoday, still is the most optimal choice, there is a lot of newly developedalternatives out there.Its purpose is to get a broader perspective on how a waste management systemcan be developed into a working, land efficiently and aesthetically pleasing systemof humans and the environment in a small residential area.The authors treat the residential area of Jära, Ekhagen, in Jönköping, which ismanaged by JM AB as a problem area in regards to waste management.The issues raised by the authors are the different waste management systems usedin the corresponding areas of the world, how to apply technical andenvironmental as well as the waste management facilities from financial aspects.In the process, the methods used were literature reviews, case studies and aninterview. The case study was done through a modeling of waste managementsystems in the area Jära and an interview was conducted with the company Envacworking with vacuum systems. Studies have been made by different systems n theareas around the world.The results show that using directives and guidance will reduce the environmentalimpact done without replacing the traditional system. EU’s waste staircase is amethod with households to think more about the waste problem.The traditional system creates a poorer hygiene, road safety and landdevelopment. Waste containers are picked up at the households after being used.Traditional systems can also be applied in the area with a common collectionpoint that takes care of household waste. The system solves the problem of landdevelopment, but more than JM's approach on a distance of more than 50 metersinto the waste bin.Through the use of a MRF facility the waste is managed in mixed fractions andrecycling center can be removed. This system does not solve the problems ofhygiene, land development and road safety.The optical system includes a major source separation at home by using differentcolored bags, which are then sorted optically. The recycling center can beremoved, but the problem of hygiene, land development and road safety remains.The vacuum system uses the chute instead of disposable containers, which thensends the waste to a collection point via piping. The system creates good hygiene,land development and road safety within the area.The traditional system with a collection point has a lower cost than the vacuumsystem, MRF and the optical system, which means that the traditional system ofcollection point is most relevant to the field Jära.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 89 p.
Keyword [sv]
Avfall, Avfallshantering, Ekonomi, Estetik, Insamling, Juridik, Metoder, Transport
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-19112OAI: diva2:543066
Subject / course
JTH, Civil Engineering
Available from: 2012-08-14 Created: 2012-08-06 Last updated: 2012-08-14Bibliographically approved

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