Casting and stress-strain simulations of a cast ductile iron component using microstructure based mechanical behavior
2012 (English)In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 33: MCWASP XIII: International Conference on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes / [ed] Andreas Ludwig, Menghuai Wu and Abdellah Kharicha, London: IOP Publishing , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
The industrial demand for increased component performance with concurrent reductions in component weight, development times and verifications using physical prototypes drives the need to use the full potential of casting and Finite Element Method (FEM) simulations to correctly predict the mechanical behavior of cast components in service. The mechanical behavior of the component is determined by the casting process, and factors as component geometry and casting process parameters are known to affect solidification and microstructure formation throughout the component and cause local variations in mechanical behavior as well as residual stresses. Though residual stresses are known to be an important factor in the mechanical behavior of the component, the importance of local mechanical behavior is not well established and the material is typically considered homogeneous throughout the component. This paper deals with the influence of solidification and solid state transformation on microstructure formation and the effect of local microstructure variations on the mechanical behavior of the cast component in service. The current work aims to investigate the coupling between simulation of solidification, microstructure and local variations in mechanical behavior and stress-strain simulation. This is done by performing several simulations of a ductile iron component using a recently developed simulation strategy, a closed chain of simulations for cast components, able to predict and describe the local variations in not only elastic but also plastic behavior throughout the component by using microstructural parameters determined by simulations of microstructural evolution in the component during the casting process. In addition the residual stresses are considered. The results show that the FEM simulation results are significantly affected by including microstructure based mechanical behavior. When the applied load is low and the component is subjected to stress levels well below the yield strength of the material, the residual stresses highly affects the simulation results while the effect of local material behavior is low. As the applied load increases and the stress level in the component approaches and passes the yield strength, the effect of residual stresses diminishes while the effect of local mechanical behavior increases. In particular the predicted strain level is heavily affected by the use of local mechanical behavior. It is proposed that it is important to include both local mechanical behavior and residual stresses in stress-strain simulations to predict the true mechanical behavior of the component.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: IOP Publishing , 2012.
, IOP Conference Series, ISSN 1757-8981 ; 33
Casting, Component behaviour, Ductile iron, Mechanical behaviour, Plastic behaviour
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials Mechanical Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-19107DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/33/1/012051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-19107DiVA: diva2:542992
MCWASP XIII: International Conference on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes, Schladming, Austria, 17-22, June 2012
Ingår i projekt1?
Ingår i projekt
Om publikationen ingår i ett projekt, ange projektets namn. För att ange flera projekt, klicka på Ytterligare projekt.