ICT solutions supporting collaborative information acquisition, situation assessment and decision making in contemporary environmental management problems: the DIADEM approach
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the 25th EnviroInfo Conference "Environmental Informatics", 2011, 920-931 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
This paper presents a framework of ICT solutions developed in the EU research project DIADEM that supports environmental management with an enhanced capacity to assess population exposure and health risks, to alert relevant groups and to organize efficient response. The emphasis is on advanced solutions which are economically feasible and maximally exploit the existing communication, computing and sensing resources. This approach enables efficient situation assessment in complex environmental management problems by exploiting relevant information obtained from citizens via the standard communication infrastructure as well as heterogeneous data acquired through dedicated sensing systems. This is achieved through a combination of (i) advanced approaches to gas detection and gas distribution modelling, (ii) a novel service-oriented approach supporting seamless integration of human-based and automated reasoning processes in large-scale collaborative sense making processes and (iii) solutions combining Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, Scenario-Based Reasoning and advanced human-machine interfaces. This paper presents the basic principles of the DIADEM solutions, explains how different techniques are combined to a coherent decision support system and briefly discusses evaluation principles and activities in the DIADEM project.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. 920-931 p.
Engineering and Technology Computer Science
Research subject Information technology; Computer Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24091ISBN: 978-3-8440-0451-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24091DiVA: diva2:540979
Conference on Innovations in Sharing Environmental Observation and Information (EnviroInfo 2011), October 5-7, 2011, Ispra, Italy
FunderEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, FP7-224318