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Vad påverkar HIV i Sydafrika?: En teoretisk och empirisk analys av Sydafrikas provinser 2008
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

What affects Hiv in South Africa's different provinces? This thesis examines if education, unemployment rate, GDP per capita, and the literacy rate has any relationship with the Hiv prevalence. This is analyzed using theory and data in the form of a simple microeconomic model and an econometric regression analysis based on cross sectional data of the provinces of South Africa. The regression analysis shows that unemployment rate and education have significant effects of the Hiv prevalence in South Africa. The microeconomic model in the thesis indicates that when education is higher, individuals are more aware that the probability of being infected by Hiv is higher when the Hiv prevalence is high. This leads the expected utility of using a condom to shift from being higher when not using a condom to being higher when using a condom, which prevents Hiv. The conclusion from the analysis is that it is important for South Africa to especially make sure that the educational level is high, but also that the unemployment rate is low, so that spread of the epidemic can be reduced or even eradicated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 43 p.
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-14227Local ID: NEK C-26OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-14227DiVA: diva2:539626
Subject / course
Economics
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2012-08-21 Created: 2012-07-04 Last updated: 2012-08-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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