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Climate change and eHealth: a promising strategy for health sector mitigation and adaptation
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4030-0449
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0556-1483
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3036-8546
2012 (English)In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 5, 1-9 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change is one of today's most pressing global issues. Policies to guide mitigation and adaptation are needed to avoid the devastating impacts of climate change. The health sector is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in developed countries, and its climate impact in low-income countries is growing steadily. This paper reviews and discusses the literature regarding health sector mitigation potential, known and hypothetical co-benefits, and the potential of health information technology, such as eHealth, in climate change mitigation and adaptation. The promising role of eHealth as an adaptation strategy to reduce societal vulnerability to climate change, and the link's between mitigation and adaptation, are also discussed. The topic of environmental eHealth has gained little attention to date, despite its potential to contribute to more sustainable and green health care. A growing number of local and global initiatives on 'green information and communication technology (ICT)' are now mentioning eHealth as a promising technology with the potential to reduce emission rates from ICT use. However, the embracing of eHealth is slow because of limitations in technological infrastructure, capacity and political will. Further research on potential emissions reductions and co-benefits with green ICT, in terms of health outcomes and economic effectiveness, would be valuable to guide development and implementation of eHealth in health sector mitigation and adaptation policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 5, 1-9 p.
Keyword [en]
climate change, adaptation, mitigation, global warming, eHealth, telemedicine, information and communication technology, greenhouse gas emission, policy
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-57003DOI: 10.3402/gha.v5i0.18428ISI: 000305000900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-57003DiVA: diva2:538872
Available from: 2012-07-02 Created: 2012-07-02 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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