Sammanvägda avrinningskoefficienter i rationella metoden: en jämförelse mellan idag och 1970-talet
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Storm water is rain and melted snow that runs off, primarily from impervious surfaces.Future storm water management is facing the challenges of increased precipitation, asclimate changes, and increased areas of impervious surfaces due to the expansion anddensification of the cities. Impervious surfaces reduce the potential for water to infiltratein the ground leading to increased surface runoff and higher peak discharge.The runoff coefficient is closely related to the percentage of impervious surfaces andrepresents the maximum percentage of a catchment that can contribute to runoff. In thisstudy, the objective was to evaluate the weighted runoff coefficient for three differenturban types; apartment buildings, townhouses and residential areas and a comparisonbetween today and the 1970`s was made.The runoff coefficient was determined by manual mapping of the different surface typesin each area based on data in the form of orthophotos and aerial photographs. The surfacetypes that were mapped were asphalt, permeable areas, tiles, sand/gravel and roof.Tiles and sand/gravel were the most difficult surface types to map. In order to see towhat extent these categories influenced the weighted runoff coefficient a sensitivityanalysis was carried out and the runoff coefficient based on surface type was changed indifferent scenarios.The results of the sensitivity analysis showed that the surface types tiles and sand/gravelhad little impact on the weighted runoff coefficient which in mainly due to the fact thatthe percentage of these surfaces types of the total area is small.The result of the study showed that the largest change in the runoff coefficient occurredin residential areas where the increase in the percentage of impervious surfaces causedby new roofs in the form of porches and garages and from paved or tiled driveways. Forapartment buildings and townhouses the change in the runoff coefficient was small andprobably within the margin of error. The calculated runoff coefficient for the residentialareas is higher than what is recommended from de organization Svenskt Vatten and theconclusion was that it is necessary to adjust the recommended values. The calculatedrunoff coefficient for the apartment building areas and townhouse areas coincide withthe recommended values.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 56 p.
UPTEC W, ISSN 1401-5765 ; 12011
avrinningskoefficient, hårdgjord yta, rationella metoden, dagvatten
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-176706OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-176706DiVA: diva2:536760
Master Programme in Environmental and Water Engineering
Lundin, Lars-Christer, ProfessorRodhe, Allan, Professor