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Välbefinnande i en utmanande arbetsmiljö: Personliga assistenters upplevelse av sin arbetsmiljö
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Lagen om stöd och service till vissa funktionshindrade trädde i kraft 1 januari 1994. Den skulle garantera personer med omfattande och varaktiga funktionshinder bättre levnadsvillkor genom att de fick rätt till bland annat personlig assistans. Arbetet som personlig assistent i hemmet hos personer med olika typer av funktions-nedsättning kan se mycket olika ut. Det har uppmärksammats att det finns brister i personliga assistenters arbetsmiljö. Syftet: Att beskriva personliga assistenters upplevelse av sin arbetsmiljö hos brukare som tillhör personkrets tre enligt LSS. Metod: Sex semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes, med personer som arbetade som personlig assistent, i två olika kommuner. Intervjuerna analyserades genom en latent innehållsanalys. Resultat: I resultatet framkom sex kategorier som beskriver assistenternas upplevelser i arbetsmiljön; professionellt förhållningssätt, respekt för brukaren, emotionell påfrestning, fysisk påfrestning, trygghet i yrkesrollen och stolthet i yrkesrollen. Ett övergripande tema skapades under arbetets gång: Välbefinnande i en utmanande arbetsmiljö. Slutsats: De personliga assistenterna upplevde trots stora påfrestningar i arbetsmiljön, både när det gäller de fysiska och de psykosociala belastningarna, välbefinnande i arbetet. De kände också trygghet och stolthet över att de kunde hantera den utmanande arbetsmiljön de ställdes inför. Företagssköterskan har en viktig roll att vara uppmärksammad på de arbetsmiljöförhållanden som de personliga assistenterna arbetar under. De personliga assistenterna behöver känna stöd och handlingsutrymme för att balansera belastningar de utsätts för i yrket.

Abstract [en]

Background: The Act concerning Support and Service for Persons with Certain Functional Impairments came into force on 1 January 1994.People with major, lasting disabilities have been guaranteed better living conditions by means of personal assistance. Working as a personal assistant in the homes of people with different types of disabilities can vary considerably. Attention has been called to various inadequacies in the work environment of personal assistants. Purpose: To describe how personal assistants for the third category of people under LSS experience their work environment. Method: Six semi-structured interviews were conducted with personal assistants in two different municipalities. The interviews were subjected to a latent content analysis. Results: The results are described on the basis of six categories: professional attitude, respect for the patient, emotional stress, physical stress, sense of professional security, and professional pride. An overarching theme was created during the process: Well-being in a challenging work environment. Conclusion: The results showed that the personal assistants experienced a sense of wellbeing despite major physical and psychosocial stress factors in their work environment. They also experienced a sense of security and pride in their ability to deal with the challenging work environment that they encountered. Occupational health nurse has an important role to be notified of the working conditions that the personal assistants working under. The personal assistants need to feel supported and room for maneuver to balance the loads they are subjected to in the profession.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
personal assistance, work(ing) environment, experiences, demand-control
Keyword [sv]
personlig assistans, arbetsmiljö, upplevelser, krav-kontroll
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-23687ISRN: ORU-IHM/OMV-AG-2012/0015--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-23687DiVA: diva2:536716
Subject / course
Omvårdnadsvetenskap
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-29 Created: 2012-06-24 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Välbefinnande i en utmanande arbetsmiljö: Personliga assistenters upplevelse av sin arbetsmiljö(412 kB)616 downloads
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School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden
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