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Hur sjuksköterskor på medicinska vårdavdelningar upplever sin arbetssituation samt hur de värderar sina arbetsuppgifter
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att undersöka hur sjuksköterskor på medicinska vårdavdelningar värderar sina arbetsuppgifter och hur de upplever sin psykosociala arbetsmiljö.

Metod: En kvantitativ, komparativ tvärsnittsstudie. Enkäter delades ut till 57 sjuksköterskor på två medicinska vårdavdelningar på Akademiska sjukhuset.

Resultat: Trettiofyra sjuksköterskor (60%) besvarade enkäten. Få sjuksköterskor upplevde sitt arbete som lugnt och rofyllt och flera sjuksköterskor uppgav att de sällan eller aldrig hinner med det som ska utföras under ett arbetspass. Sjuksköterskorna uppgav överlag att det är mycket viktigt att känna till sina patienters vitalparametrar. Den arbetsuppgift som påverkades mest av hög arbetsbelastning var dock att känna till sina patienters urinproduktion, vilket endast 17 sjuksköterskor (50%) uppgav att de hinner med. Den arbetsuppgift som flest antal sjuksköterskor (n=28, 82%) uppgav att de hinner med är att känna till sina patienters medvetandegrad, följt av att ronda med läkare (n=27, 79%). Den arbetsuppgift som flest sjuksköterskor uppgav att de inte hinner med var att ge sina patienter munvård (n=20, 59%), följt av att känna till hur mycket de har ätit (n=16, 47%). Sjuksköterskor som hade arbetat kortare än 2,5 år värderade vissa administrativa och patientnära arbetsuppgifter högre än sjuksköterskor som hade arbetat längre än 2,5 år.

Abstract [en]

Aim: To explore how nurses in medical wards evaluate their work and how they experience their psychosocial work environment.

Method: A quantitative, comparative cross-sectional study. Questionnaires were distributed to 57 nurses on two medical wards at Akademiska hospital.

Results: Thirtyfour nurses (60%) participated. Few nurses considered their work as calm and peaceful, and several nurses said they rarely or never had time to do the tasks that should be performed during a shift. The nurses generally stated that it’s very important to know patients' vital signs. The task that was most affected by high workload was to know patients' urine output, which only 17 nurses (50%) said they had time to check. The task that most nurses (n=28, 82%) said they had time for is to know patients' level of consciousness, followed by the physicians round  (n=27, 79%). The task that most nurses said that they did not have time for was to give patients oral care (n=20, 59%), followed by knowing how much patients have eaten (n=16, 47%). Nurses who had worked under 2,5 years valued certain administrative and patient-related duties higher than nurses who had worked over 2,5 years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 48 p.
Keyword [en]
Clinical decision-making, job satisfaction, prioritization, working experience
Keyword [sv]
Psykosocial arbetstillfredsställelse, prioriteringar, kliniskt beslutsfattande, arbetslivserfarenhet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-176689OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-176689DiVA: diva2:536667
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Freestanding course
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-08-29 Created: 2012-06-24 Last updated: 2012-08-29Bibliographically approved

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