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ACTA-avtalets internetregler: Förenliga med EU:s grundläggande fri-och rättigheter?
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In tune with the cross-border trade the infringement of intellectual property rights has become a growing problem in Europe and the rest of the world. In June 2008 negotiations about a new international agreement was initiated between Europe, its member states and ten other countries, which will restrict infringements of intellectual property rights. The agreement is called ACTA, which stands for Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement.

On January 26, 2012 the European Union (EU) and twenty-two of its twenty-seven member states signed a letter of intent to the agreement and the EU’s internal processes of the agreement began. Large protests against the agreement initiated around Europe in connection to this. The public campaigned for that the ACTA-agreement conditions regarding Internet restrict citizens’ freedoms and rights in the EU such as freedom of expression, freedom of information, privacy and data protection. After several protests and 2, 4 million signatures sent to the European Parliament, an uncertainty to the agreement arose among the EU institutions and national authorities. This caused that the European Commission sent the agreement to the European Court of Justice for a judgement.

The question is whether or not the ACTA-agreement conditions, that will ensure the protection of intellectual property rights on Internet, are compatible with the EU’s fundamental freedoms and rights. In the following thesis the ACTA-agreement will be analysed to see if the agreement will restrict European citizen’s fundamental freedoms and rights regarding Internet, or if it is compatible with EUs legislation. The conclusion presented in this thesis is that the ACTA-agreement conditions on Internet are not compatible with EU’s fundamental freedoms and rights.   

Abstract [sv]

I takt med den gränsöverskridande handeln har intrång i immateriella rättigheter blivit ett växande problem i Europa och resten av världen. I juni år 2008 inleddes förhandlingar om ett nytt internationellt handelsavtal mellan Europa, dess medlemsländer och tio andra länder som ska hindra intrång i immateriella rättigheter. Avtalet heter ACTA, vilket står för Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement.

Den 26 januari 2012 skrev EU och tjugotvå av dess tjugosju medlemsstater under en avsiktsförklaring till avtalet och EU:s interna processer om avtalet inleddes. I samband med detta påbörjades stora protester mot avtalet runt om i Europa. Allmänheten propagerade att ACTA-avtalets regler avseende internet inskränker medborgares fri- och rättigheter i EU såsom rätten till yttrandefrihet, informationsfrihet, integritetsskydd och dataskydd. Efter flertalet protester och 2,4 miljoner underskrifter till Europaparlamentet orsakades en osäkerhet till avtalet bland EU:s institutioner och medlemsländernas myndigheter. Detta ledde till att Europakommissionen skickade avtalet till Europadomstolen för prövning.

Frågan är huruvida ACTA-avtalets regler, som ska säkerställa skyddet av immateriella rättigheter på internet, är förenliga med EU:s grundläggande fri- och rättigheter. I följande uppsats kommer utredas och besvaras om avtalet kommer inskränka EU: medborgares grundläggande fri- och rättigheter avseende internet eller om det är förenligt. Slutsatsen som presenteras i uppsatsen är att ACTA-avtalets regler avseende internet inte är förenliga med EU:s grundläggande fri- och rättigheter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 39 p.
Keyword [sv]
ACTA-avtalet, EU, fri-och rättigheter, internet
National Category
Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-18614OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-18614DiVA: diva2:536573
Subject / course
IHH, Commercial Law
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-27 Created: 2012-06-22 Last updated: 2012-06-27Bibliographically approved

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