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Stöd vid diabetes typ 2: Patienters upplevelser
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Support to individuals with type 2 diabetes : Patients' experiences (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige är det idag 3-4 procent av befolkningen som har diagnosen diabetes mellitus typ 2 och antalet insjuknade ökar kontinuerligt. Diabetes kan leda till allvarliga komplikationer som kärl- och nervförändringar, ögon och njurpåverkan. Sjuksköterskans roll i omvårdnaden är att ge stöd och utföra kontroller för att förhindra komplikationer. Syfte: Beskriva vilket stöd från sjuksköterskan som vuxna med diabetes typ 2 upplever att de är i behov av. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie med nio vetenskapliga artiklar sammanställdes. Efter genomläsning lyftes ord och meningar ut ur texten, orden skapade slutligen övergripande teman under vilka resultatet presenterats. Resultat: Litteratursammanställningen visade att patienterna vill ha mer kunskap och information, patienterna ansåg även att det var viktigt att de själva fick bestämma över sin vård. Stödet kan delas in under kategorierna, trygghet, förtroende och bekräftelse. Slutsats: De nationella riktlinjerna för diabetesvård säger att patienten ska få kontinuerlig information angående sitt sjukdomstillstånd, det är även enligt Hälso-och Sjukvårdslagen ett krav att patienten har rätt till självbestämmande under rådande sjukdomsbehandling.För att uppnå dessa krav bör sjusköterskan arbeta för att etablera trygghet och förtroende samt att ge bekräftelse.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden it is currently 3-4 percent of the population who has a diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus and the number of patients is increasing steadily. Diabetes can lead to serious complications such as vascular and nervous changes, eye and kidney problems. The Nurse role in the health care is to support and carry out check up´s to prevent complications. Aim: To describe the support that adult with type 2 diabetes feel that they are in need of and what they actually get from the nurse. Method: A literature review of nine scientific papers were compiled. After reading words were highlighted and sentences taken out of the text, these words finally created the broad themes under which the result is presented. Results: The literature summary showed that patients want more knowledge and information, the patients also felt that it was important that they themselves had to decide about their care. The support can be divided into subcategories, confidence, trust and affirmation. Conclusion: The national guidelines for diabetes care, says that patients should receive continuous information about their illness, it is also under the Health Care Act requires that the patient has the right to self-determination in the current therapies.In order to satisfy these demands nurses need to work for establishing confidence, trust and affirmation in patient suffering from diabetes type 2.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Type 2 diabetes, support, healthcare, patients experience
Keyword [sv]
diabetes typ 2, stöd, hälso- och sjukvård, patienters upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9449OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-9449DiVA: diva2:535982
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-21 Created: 2012-06-20 Last updated: 2012-06-21Bibliographically approved

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