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Behavioral involvement and preference for information among male and females with cardiac disease
Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Lund, Lund, Sweden.
The Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health promotion and disease prevention.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4438-6673
2012 (English)In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 2, no 2, 138-142 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this pilot study was to explore and com-pare preferences for involvement and preferences for information among men and women who had suf-fered from cardiac disease. A convenience sample of 79 respondents (47 men and 32 women) was recruited from The National Association of Heart and Lung Patients in Sweden at ten local meeting places in dif-ferent areas. Krantz Health Opinion Survey, KHOS, a 16-item self-rating questionnaire, was used to mea- sure patients’ desire for involvement in healthcare. The results indicate that patients’ information pref-erences and behavioural preferences are not very high though the total score in KHOS was 5.47. A dif-ference between the genders was also found, seen as higher scores in females than males; 5.93 vs 4.44, p = 0.032, indicating that women prefer a more active role in decision making than men do. The main prac-tical conclusion drawn from this empirical study is that patients are still not as active in seeking informa-tion or in behavioural involvement as is desirable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Irvine, CA: Scientific Research Publishing, 2012. Vol. 2, no 2, 138-142 p.
Keyword [en]
Heart Diseases, Krantz Health Opinion Survey, Gender, Information, Involvement
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-18153DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.22021OAI: diva2:535842
Available from: 2012-06-20 Created: 2012-06-20 Last updated: 2014-11-10Bibliographically approved

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