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Wetland biomass - Chemical benefits and problems with biogas usage
Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Constructed wetlands are largely used for water treatment both in agricultural land and for treating water from municipal and industrial waste. These wetlands need to be managed in order to work properly. How to deal with the large amount of vegetation harvested in the wetlands has withdrawn a great concern. The application of using wetland biomass as the co-substrates in anaerobic digestion was studied in this project. Plant materials, mostly Phragmites australis (common reed) from three different wetlands were used as raw material to produce biogas. The methane production using reed material harvested from municipal wastewater, industrial wastewater and an agricultural wetland are 66, 106, 144 ml/g VS respectively, which were lower than the suggested number 180ml/g VS. The gas potential remains a lot to be improved such as harvesting at summer to reduce the lignin content and changing the co-digestion mixing level to adjust to the optimal C/N ratio. Chemical analyses were performed concerning the gas yield and the residue quality. The digested residues showed a low concentration of cadmium, providing a non-toxic possibility to be spread on farm land as fertilizers, and closing the nutrient circle from land into water and back to land again. Pretreatments in the biogas process are usually focusing on the reduction of the lignocellulosic content in the raw material. Assessment of costs and benefits is needed for using wetland reed in the biogas production and applying any pretreatment methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 18 p.
Keyword [en]
wetland biomass, anaerobic digestion, biogas, common reed, nutrient level, heavy metals, pretreatment
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-18113OAI: diva2:535260
Subject / course
Environmental Science
Life Earth Science
Available from: 2012-06-20 Created: 2012-06-19 Last updated: 2012-06-20Bibliographically approved

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