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Hur påverkas patienter med psykiatrisk problematik av vårdhundar?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Intresset för att använda hundar inom vården har ökat bland patienter och personal. Forskning har påvisat fysiologiska, psykologiska, emotionella och sociala effekter genom användning av vårdhundar. I dagsläget finns ingen sammanställd forskning om hur detta påverkar patienter med psykiatrisk problematik. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur vårdhundar påverkar patienter med psykiatrisk problematik. Metod: Metoden var en litteraturstudie bestående av 20 vetenskapliga artiklar, 16 kvalitativa och fyra kvantitativa studier, publicerade mellan åren 1989 och 2011. Resultat: Resultatet påvisar effekter som förbättrade psykiatriska symtom, förbättrad social interaktion samt stärkt självkänsla, självförtroende och självbestämmande. Slutsats: Litteraturstudiens resultat tyder på att hundassisterad intervention tycks vara en biverkningsfri metod som kan förbättra patientens livskvalitet genom ökat fysiskt och psykiskt välbefinnande. Detta gäller oavsett patientens psykiatriska problematik eller ålder.  

Abstract [en]

Background: The interest in using dogs within health care has increased among patients and staff. Research has shown physiological, psychological, emotional and social benefits through the usage of animal assisted therapy. Presently there is no compiled research of how this affects patients with psychiatric problems. Aim: The aim of the study was to examine how animal assisted therapy using dogs affects patients with psychiatric problems. Method: The method used was a literature study consisting of 20 scientific articles; 16 qualitative and four quantitative, published between the years 1989 and 2011. Result: The result point out effects such as improved psychiatric symptoms, improved social interaction and improved self-esteem, self-confidence and self-determination. Conclusion: The result of the literature study suggests that the usage of dogs in animal-assisted therapy seems to bee a method free of side effects, that increase the patient´s quality of life through improved physical and psychological wellbeing. This is regardless of the psychiatric problem and age of the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , p. 26
Keyword [en]
Animal-assited therapy, Dog, Nursing, Psychiatric
Keyword [sv]
hundassisterad intervention, Hund, Omvårdnad, Psykiatri
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-176374OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-176374DiVA: diva2:535029
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot psykiatrisk vård
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-21 Created: 2012-06-19 Last updated: 2012-06-21Bibliographically approved

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