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Identifiering av fosfatfosfors käll- och flödesfördelning i ett litet jordbruksområde
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Identification of phosphate phosphorus source and flow paths in a small agricultural catchment (English)
Abstract [en]

Eutrophication of lakes and streams are nowadays a well known environmental problem and implies an enrichment of the nutrients phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N). Phosphorus is considered to be the most important component for the growth of aquatic plants and leads in too large quantities to an intensification of growth. Phosphate (PO4) is the fraction of phosphorus that can easiest be taken up by plants and thus have the greatest impact on eutrophication. Increased plant growth in lakes and unfavorable conditions for aquatic animals are two examples of negative consequences. A significant portion of the increased nutrient supply to nearby water can be derived to phosphate leaching from agricultural areas, where private sewers and agriculture is two main sources. How much of the diffuse leakage of phosphate derived from each source is uncertain. With an improved understanding of how the source and flow distribution of phosphate relationship works in an agricultural dominated catchment could a more cost efficient planning for choice of methods against leakage of the nutrient be achieved. The source and flow distribution of phosphate was therefore studied and a high resolution set of SMHI's hydrological model HYPE where set up over the area. Sampling of phosphate from different parts of the area where used together with modeled water flow and phosphate transport where calculated. Upstream and downstream dynamics of phosphate were compared during high water flow. Also sampling of the oxygen isotopic composition in phosphate ions from sewage and agricultural land were analyzed and used to estimate the source distribution at different situations of water flow. The collected information from these studies where used to identify from which source to phosphate and during which flow the leakage of phosphate where the most in the area. In addition to this an evaluation of the importance of the time and space resolution for the HYPE-model where made. Phosphate transports in space shows that the sewage-dominated basins where the areas that leak most phosphate per area unit and during low water flows. Agricultural areas account for more significant leakage during a high water flow. This is evident in autumn and winter and less evident during spring and summer. Oxygen isotopic composition of phosphate ions from wastewater and agricultural land could with a 99 % confidence be separated. This information was used for source separation of phosphate sources where sewage was the main source of water flow up to 23 l/s. At higher water flow increases agricultural land as a primary source and increases positively linearly with increasing water discharge. Both studies indicate that sewage accounts for the greatest leakage during low water. During a snow-melting period the phosphate leaching is highest at the beginning and gradually flushed out from the soil when the water flow remains high for several days in a row. The importance of a high resolution time and space step affected modeled data marginally positive in HYPE where time step had a more important role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 37 p.
UPTEC W, ISSN 1401-5765 ; 12007
Keyword [en]
Eutrophication, phosphorous, agricultural area, hydrology, HYPE, isotope
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-176178OAI: diva2:534571
Educational program
Master Programme in Environmental and Water Engineering
Available from: 2012-10-05 Created: 2012-06-18 Last updated: 2012-10-05Bibliographically approved

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