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Alla pusselbitar behövs: En fallstudie om interprofessionellt teamarbete i äldreomsorgen
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
All the pieces needed : A case-study about interprofessional teamwork in elderly care (English)
Abstract [en]

When the population is getting older, the need for complex care and nursing interventions in elderly care increases. To create a holistic view of the elder and their life situation, interprofessional team collaboration is often desirable and necessary. Teamwork is often described in positive terms, but previous research has shown that this work method is complicated and requires constant reflection and development. The purpose of this study was to investigate how elderly care teamwork is formed in the interaction between representatives of different professionals. To accomplish this purpose, we have studied how the team members define a well-functioning teamwork and difficulties, and how consensus is achieved in the team. This qualitative case-study combines observation and semi-structured interviews with five informants from different professions working together in an elderly care team: one manager, one assistance case worker, one nurse, one physiotherapist and one of the nursing staff. The results of the study were then analyzed with the terms domain consensus and domain conflict taken from the new institutionalism. The study shows that the informants define a well-functioning teamwork as a work method where openness and mutual respect towards each other’s competence, creates a better holistic view of the elder and their needs. The informants also present teamwork difficulties as disagreements and gabble. The study finally suggests that there is a consensus regarding teamwork goals, and regarding who is entitled to claim knowledge in the different fields of the working area.

Abstract [sv]

I takt med en åldrande befolkning ökar också behovet av komplexa vård- och omsorgsinsatser inom äldreomsorgen. Detta leder till att interprofessionell teamsamverkan i många fall är önskvärd och nödvändig för att skapa en helhetssyn över den äldre och dennes livssituation. Teamarbete beskrivs ofta i positiva ordalag, men tidigare forskning har visat att detta arbetssätt är komplicerat och kräver ständig reflektion och utveckling. Vårt syfte med denna studie har varit att studera hur teamarbete i äldreomsorgen formas i samspelet mellan representanter av olika yrkesgrupper. För att uppnå detta syfte har vi studerat hur teamets aktörer definierar ett väl fungerande teamarbete och svårigheter, samt på vilket sätt det råder samförstånd i teamet. Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ fallstudie där vi genom observation och fem intervjuer med yrkesgrupperna enhetschef, biståndshandläggare, sjuksköterska, sjukgymnast och undersköterska har studerat ett team inom äldreomsorgen. Studiens resultat analyserades sedan utifrån begreppen domänkonsensus och domänkonflikt hämtade ur den nyinstitutionella teorin. Studien visar att informanterna definierar ett väl fungerande teamarbete som ett arbetssätt där öppenhet och respekt gentemot varandras kompetenser bidrar till en ökad helhetssyn över den äldre och dennes behov. Informanterna beskrev i sina intervjuer även att svårigheter i form av meningsskiljaktigheter och ”kackel” kan förekomma. Studien visar slutligen att det råder samförstånd gällande teamarbetets mål, samt gällande vem som har rätt att göra anspråk på de olika kunskaperna inom verksamhetsområdet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 54 p.
Keyword [en]
elderly care, interprofessional teamwork, professions, collaboration, consensus
Keyword [sv]
äldreomsorg, interprofessionellt teamarbete, yrkesgrupper, samverkan, samförstånd
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-18640OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-18640DiVA: diva2:533652
Subject / course
Social Work
Educational program
Social Work Study Programme, 210 credits
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-27 Created: 2012-05-10 Last updated: 2012-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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