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Heparanase Affects Food Intake and Regulates Energy Balance in Mice
University of Gothenburg.
University of Gothenburg.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
University of Gothenburg.
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2012 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 3, e34313- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mutation of the melanocortin-receptor 4 (MC4R) is the most frequent cause of severe obesity in humans. Binding of agouti-related peptide (AgRP) to MC4R involves the co-receptor syndecan-3, a heparan sulfate proteoglycan. The proteoglycan can be structurally modified by the enzyme heparanase. Here we tested the hypothesis that heparanase plays a role in food intake behaviour and energy balance regulation by analysing body weight, body composition and food intake in genetically modified mice that either lack or overexpress heparanase. We also assessed food intake and body weight following acute central intracerebroventricular administration of heparanase; such treatment reduced food intake in wildtype mice, an effect that was abolished in mice lacking MC4R. By contrast, heparanase knockout mice on a high-fat diet showed increased food intake and maturity-onset obesity, with up to a 40% increase in body fat. Mice overexpressing heparanase displayed essentially the opposite phenotypes, with a reduced fat mass. These results implicate heparanase in energy balance control via the central melanocortin system. Our data indicate that heparanase acts as a negative modulator of AgRP signaling at MC4R, through cleavage of heparan sulfate chains presumably linked to syndecan-3.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
San Francisco: Public Library of Science , 2012. Vol. 7, no 3, e34313- p.
Keyword [en]
agouti-related protein, diet-induced obesity, melanocortin-4 receptor, transgenic expression, feeding-behavior, deficient mice, body-weight, in-vivo, syndecan-3, sulfate
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-56240DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034313ISI: 000303894900080OAI: diva2:533397
Available from: 2012-06-13 Created: 2012-06-12 Last updated: 2013-10-25Bibliographically approved

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