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Anhörigas behov: Stödbehov som anhöriga till patienter med myelom ger uttryck för
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNING

Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka behov av stöd anhöriga till myelompatienter upplever att de har under den polikliniska behandlingsperioden. En kvalitativ metod med deskriptiv design användes och studien utfördes med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Nio anhöriga till myelompatienter urvaldes specifikt med tanke på ålder, kön, relation till patienten och hur länge denne varit sjuk. En innehållsanalys av intervjuerna gjordes och de viktigaste fynden i denna studie var att informanterna uttryckte behov av olika typer av information från olika kanaler och att de hade behov av att samtala med någon om sin situation. Efterfrågan på medicinsk information återkom vid olika tillfällen under intervjuerna och det ansågs väsentligt att få veta när förändringar ägde rum i sjukdom och behandling. Informanterna ville ha varierad mängd information, från detaljerad till mer översiktlig sådan och framställan skulle vara muntlig, skriftlig eller både ock. Informanterna angav familj och vänner som samtalspartner men kunde även tänka sig personal och anhöriga till andra patienter. Behov uttrycktes både för att föra samtal enskilt och i grupp, vid varierad tidpunkt. Samtal sågs också som en möjlighet att få uttrycka egna behov och dela andras erfarenheter.

Slutsats: Resultatet kan uppmärksamma mottagningar på att de behov av information och samtal som anhöriga ger uttryck för skulle kunna bemötas på ett bättre sätt genom att, på ett tidigt stadium av patientens sjukdom, erbjuda olika former av stöd för att tillgodose dessa behov.

Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to investigate the needs of relatives of patients with myeloma feel that they have during treatment on an outpatient ward. A qualitative approach with a descriptive design was used and the study was performed by doing semi-structured interviews. Nine relatives of patients with myeloma were specifically chosen with regard to age, sex, relationship to the patient and how long he/she had been ill. A content analysis of the interviews were made and the most important findings of this study was that relatives expressed the need for various types of information from various channels and that they had a need to talk to someone about their situation. Demand for medical information returned at different times during the interviews, it was considered essential to know when changes occurred in the illness and treatment. Relatives wanted a varied amount of information, from detailed to more summary and request would be oral, written or both kinds. Relatives specified family and friends as a partner to talk to but could even conceive of staff and relatives to other patients. Need expressed both in order to have talks individually and in groups, at varied times. Talks also were seen as an opportunity to express their needs and share others ' experiences.

Conclusion: The result can make outpatient wards to pay attention to the needs for information and talks that relatives expressed could be addressed more effectively by, at an early stage of a patient's illness, provide various forms of assistance to meet these needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
relatives, cancer patients, support
Keyword [sv]
anhöriga, cancerpatienter, stöd
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-175881OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-175881DiVA: diva2:533313
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Freestanding course
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-13 Created: 2012-06-13 Last updated: 2012-06-13Bibliographically approved

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