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Patienters upplevelse av smärta vid venportsinläggning
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att jämföra hur patienter som skall få en subkutan venport

inlagd och lokalbedövas enligt en lokalbedövningsmodell, skattade smärta under

ingreppet, samt att undersöka om det fanns något samband mellan preoperativ

oro och smärta under ingrepp.

Studien var en deskriptiv, jämförande studie och utfördes med en kvantitativ

metod, med hjälp av enkäter, där patienterna bland annat fick skatta oro och

smärta med hjälp av Numeric Rating Scale. Studien genomfördes på patienter,

vilka skulle få en subkutan venport inlagd. Fyrtiofem patienter deltog i studien.

Tolv patienter av totalt 45, (27 %), skattade sin oro över tre på NRS. Antal

patienter vilka skattade sin smärta över tre på de olika momenten var på bedövningsmomentet

13 patienter, (29 %), på dilatationsmomentet 21 patienter, (47

%) och på momentet borttagande av operationstejp 13 patienter, (29 %). Ingen

signifikant skillnad kunde mätas mellan momenten, inget signifikant samband

mellan oro och smärta kunde mätas och ingen signifikant skillnad i smärta mellan

inneliggande patienter och polikliniska patienter kunde mätas.

Patienterna skattade smärtan under ingreppet relativt lågt men nästan hälften

av patienterna skattade smärtan över tre på dilatationsmomentet. Det finns

utrymme för verksamheten att göra förbättringar vad gäller smärtlindring.


Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to compare how patients who are about to receive a

subcutaneous venous port and receive local anesthesia, according to a model of

local anesthesia, rate pain during the procedure, and to study if there is any relation

between preoperative anxiety and pain during a procedure.

The study was a descriptive, comparing study executed with a quantitative

method, with the help of questionnaires, where the patients were asked, among

other questions, to rate their pain and anxiety by Numeric Rating Scale. The study

was conducted on patients, who were about to receive a subcutaneous venous port.

45 patients concluded the study.

Twelve patients out of 45, (27 %), rated their anxiety over three on NRS. The

number of patients who rated their pain over three were at the injection of local

anesthesia 13 patients, (29 %), the dilatation 21 patients (47 %) and the removing

of operation tape 13 patients, (29 %). No significant results could be found.

The patients rated their pain relatively low during the procedure but almost

half of the group rated their pain over three at the dilatation. Painrelief is an area

to be improved in this operation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 32 p.
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-175639OAI: diva2:532326
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot anestesisjukvård
Available from: 2012-06-19 Created: 2012-06-11 Last updated: 2012-06-19Bibliographically approved

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