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An exploratory study of health professionals' attitudes about robotic telepresence technology
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. (AASS)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4368-4751
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. (AASS)
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. (AASS)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3122-693X
KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
2011 (English)In: Journal of technology in human services, ISSN 1522-8835, Vol. 29, no 4, 263-283 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents the results from a video-based evaluation study of a social robotic telepresence solution for elderly. The evaluated system is a mobile teleoperated robot called Giraff that allows caregivers to virtually enter a home and conduct a natural visit just as if they were physically there. The evaluation focuses on the perspectives from primary healthcare organizations and collects the feedback from different categories of health professionals. The evaluation included 150 participants and yielded unexpected results with respect to the acceptance of the Giraff system. In particular, greater exposure to technology did not necessarily increase acceptance and large variances occurred between the categories of health professionals. In addition to outlining the results, this study provides a number of indications with respect to increasing acceptance for technology for elderly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 29, no 4, 263-283 p.
Keyword [en]
Evaluation, human-robot interaction, organizational perspective
National Category
Computer Science
Research subject
Information technology; Computer Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-23315DOI: 10.1080/15228835.2011.639509OAI: diva2:531864

The final version of this article can be read at

Available from: 2012-11-08 Created: 2012-06-08 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Measuring the quality of interaction in mobile robotic telepresence systems using presence, spatial formations  and sociometry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring the quality of interaction in mobile robotic telepresence systems using presence, spatial formations  and sociometry
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A mobile robotic telepresence (MRP) system is characterized by a video conferencing system which is mounted on a mobile robotic base. The system allows remote pilot users to move the robot around while communicating with local users situated in the robot’s environment. One of the most promising application areas for MRP systems is to deploy them in homes of elderly who are in frequent contact with health care professionals and/or alarm operators. Using MRP systems, elderly can get in immediate contact with these services even without leaving their homes. However, this poses some challenges for the health care professionals and alarm operators. The alarm operators traditionally communicate with their clients using the telephone while the health care professionals see their patients face-to-face with little interference of computer applications. The encounters between health care professionals and patients typically take place at clinics. Neither the health care professionals nor the alarm operators visit the elderly in person. Accordingly, they have no knowledge about the layout of the homes or where the elderly may reside. Thus, the social communication between them and the elderly via MRP systems is more complex than their traditional interaction with elderly.

This compilation thesis makes a contribution towards understanding how interaction is affected by MRP system embodiment. The work focuses on measuring quality of interaction in MRP systems deployed in domestic settings in elder care. The thesis proposes a set of useful tools for measuring interaction quality. These tools are presence, spatial formations and sociometry. They were selected based on their ability to capture important characteristics for communication via MRP systems, e.g. social communication and mobility, and have been evaluated in experiments with real end-users, that is with alarm operators, health care professionals and elderly. The tools used to conduct the experimental evaluations of MRP systems include video-based evaluations, driving sessions and retrospective interviews. These methods were carefully chosen and take into consideration the organizational background of the participants involved and the challenge of conducting experiments with the aforementioned groups of users.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2013. 111 p.
Örebro Studies in Technology, ISSN 1650-8580 ; 56
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Computer Science
Research subject
Information technology; Computer Science
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29088 (URN)978-91-7668-942-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-12, Hörsal T, Teknikhuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2013-05-21 Created: 2013-05-21 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved

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