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Methane potential of sewage sludge to increase biogas production.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering (moved 20130630), Water, Sewage and Waste technology.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Sewage sludge is treated with the biological process of anaerobic digestion in which organic material of a substrate is degraded by microorganisms in the absence of oxygen. The result of this degradation is biogas, a mixture mainly of methane and carbon dioxide. Biochemical Methane Potential tests are used to provide a measure of the anaerobic degradability of a given substrate. This study aims to determine the methane potential in Sjöstadsverket’s sludge this will moreover determine the viability of recycling the digested sludge back into the anaerobic system for further digestion. Batch digestion tests were performed in both Sjöstadsverket’s (S1) and Henriksdal’s (H2) sludge, for a reliable comparison. An inoculum to substrate ratio of 2:1 based on VS content was used and BMP tests presented results that S1 and H2 in the 20 days of incubation produced 0.29 NLCH4/gVS and 0.33 NLCH4/gVS respectively. A second experiment considering the same amount of substrate (200ml) and inoculum (200ml) for each sample, showed that Control S1 had a higher methane potential than Control H2, 0.31 NL/gVS and 0.29 NL/gVS respectively. All the samples containing Sjöstadsverket’s inoculum presented a higher volume of total accumulated gas (measured in Normal Liters), however methane potentials are low. Results demonstrated that methane production in samples S1 and Control S1 was originating from the grams of VS in the inoculum itself after depletion of all the soluble organic material in the substrate. This suggested that Sjöstadsverket’s sludge can endure a higher organic load rate and that the digested sludge still has potential to produce biogas, hence the recycling of this can enhance the biogas production in the digestion system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 22 p.
, TRITA-LWR Degree Project, ISSN 1651-064X ; LWR-EX-11-22
Keyword [en]
Anaerobic digestion, Methane potential, Biogas production, Sewage sludge, BMP
National Category
Water Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-96294OAI: diva2:530198
Subject / course
Water, Sewage and Waste
Educational program
Degree of Master - Materials and Sensors System for Environmental Technologies
Available from: 2012-06-01 Created: 2012-06-01 Last updated: 2012-06-01Bibliographically approved

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