Thermal energy storage in Swedish single family houses: a case study
2012 (English)In: InnoStock The 12th International Conference on Energy Storage: Book of Abstract, 2012Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
In a Nordic climate, space heating (SH) and domestic hot water (DHW) used in buildings constitute a considerable part of the total energy use in the country. For 2010, energy used for SH and DHW amounted to almost 90 TWh in Sweden which corresponds to 60 % of the energy used in the residential and service sector, or almost 24 % of the total final energy use for the country.
Storing heat and cold with the use of thermal energy storage (TES) can be one way of increasing the energy efficiency of a building by opening up possibilities for alternative sources of heat or cold through a reduced mismatch between supply and demand. Thermal energy storage without the use of specific control systems are said to be passive and different applications using passive TES have been shown to increase energy efficiency and/or reduce power peaks of systems supplying the heating and cooling needs of buildings, as well as having an effect on the indoor climate. Results are however not consistent between studies and focus tend to be on the reduction of cooling energy or cooling power peaks. In this paper, passive TES introduced through an increased thermal mass in the building envelope to two single family houses with different insulation standard is investigated with building energy simulations. A Nordic climate is used and the focus of this study is both on the reduction of space heating demand and space heating power, as well as on reduction of excess temperatures in residential single family houses without active cooling systems. Care is taken to keep the building envelope characteristics other than the thermal mass equal for all cases so that any observations made can be derived to the change in thermal mass.
Results show that increasing the sensible thermal mass in a single family house can reduce the heating demand only slightly (1-4 %) and reduce excess temperatures (temperatures above 24 degrees C) by up to 20 %. Adding a layer of PCM (phase change materials) to the light building construction can give similar reduction in heating demand and excess temperatures, however the phase change temperature is important for the results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
thermal energy storage, TES, thermal mass, PCM, phase change materials, single family house, energy savings, excess temperatures, passive house, simulation, TRNSYS
Research subject Energi, skog och byggd miljö, Värmelagring i byggnader
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:du-10122ISBN: 978-84-938793-4-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-10122DiVA: diva2:529267
Innostock, 12th international conference on energy storage, Lleida, Spain, May 16-18, 2012