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Unga kvinnors preventivmedelsanvändning och riskbeteende vad gäller könssjukdomar och oönskade graviditeter
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Undersöka preventivmedelsanvändning, sexuellt riskbeteende gällande könssjukdomar och oönskade graviditeter samt skillnader i sexuellt riskbeteende mellan olika ursprung, självförtroende och ålder vid sexuell debut hos kvinnor i åldern 14-31 år. Metod: En enkätundersökning, konsekutivt urval, utförd på RFSU-kliniken under år 2011 inkluderade 419 kvinnor. Resultat: Kondom var det vanligaste preventivmedlet vid första samlaget och p-piller var vanligast vid senaste samlaget. Nästan hälften, 48,7 %, hade haft en könssjukdom, klamydia var vanligast. Över hälften, 60,2 %, hade riskerat att få en könssjukdom och 45,6 % hade riskerat att bli oönskat gravid under de senaste tolv månaderna. Den främsta anledningen till detta var på grund av att de struntade i kondom ”i stundens hetta”. Kvinnor som haft sin sexuella debut i yngre ålder angav oftare att de haft en könssjukdom och någon gång under de senaste tolv månaderna riskerat att bli oönskat gravid. Kvinnor som skattat sitt självförtroende som högt struntade oftare i att använda kondom ”i stundens hetta”. Slutsats: Över hälften hade ett sexuellt riskbeteende gällande könssjukdomar och oönskade graviditeter. Kvinnor som hade sin sexuella debut i yngre ålder samt kvinnor som skattade sitt självförtroende högt visade oftare på ett sexuellt riskbeteende. Det fanns ingen signifikant skillnad mellan svenskfödda och utlandsfödda gällande ett sexuellt risktagande. 

Abstract [en]

Aim: Investigate contraceptive use, sexual risk behavior regarding sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s) and unwanted pregnancies and examine differences in sexual risk behavior regarding different backgrounds, self-confidence and age at first intercourse in women aged 14-31 years. Method: Consecutive sample including 419 women with a questionnaire, at a RFSU-clinic in Stockholm, 2011. Results: Condoms were most common at first intercourse and oral contraceptives most common at latest intercourse. Almost half had had an STD, Chlamydia the most common. Almost 60 % risked getting STD’s and 45,6 % risked unwanted pregnancies at sometime during the last twelve months. Main reason why participants risked this was because they ignored the condom in “the heat of the moment”. Women who had their first intercourse at a young age more often have had an STD and during the last twelve months risked an unwanted pregnancy. Women with a high self-confidence more often ignored using a condom in “the heat of the moment”. Conclusion: Over half of the participants had a sexual risk behavior regarding STD’s and unwanted pregnancies. Women who had their first intercourse at a young age and women with a high self-confidence showed signs of sexual risk-taking. There’s no significant difference between Swedish born and foreign born participants regarding sexual risk-taking.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , p. 46
Keyword [en]
Contraceptives, women, risk-taking, sexually transmitted diseases, pregnancy
Keyword [sv]
Preventivmedel, kvinnor, risktagande, könssjukdomar, graviditet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-174147OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-174147DiVA, id: diva2:529211
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-30 Created: 2012-05-14 Last updated: 2012-05-30Bibliographically approved

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