Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Marriage Stability, Taxation and Aggregate Labor Supply in the U.S. vs. Europe
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Americans work more than Europeans. Using micro data from the U.S. and 17 European countries, we study the contributions from demographic subgroups to these aggregate level dierences. We document that women are typically the largest contributors to the discrepancy in work hours. We also document a negative empirical correlation between hours worked and dierent measures of taxation, driven by men, and a positive correlation between hours worked and divorce rates, driven by women. Motivated by these observations, we develop a life-cycle model with heterogeneous agents, marriage and divorce and use it to study the impact of two mechanisms on labor supply: (i) dierences in marriage stability and (ii) dierences in tax systems. We calibrate the model to U.S. data and study how labor supply in the U.S. changes as we introduce European tax systems, and as we replace the U.S. divorce and marriage rates with their European equivalents. We nd that the divorce and tax mechanisms combined explain 58% of the variation in labor supply between the U.S. and the European countries in our sample.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala, 2012. , p. 64
Series
Working paper / Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies, Uppsala University ; 2012:7
Keyword [en]
Aggregate Labor Supply, Taxation, Marriage, Divorce, Heterogeneous
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-174777OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-174777DiVA, id: diva2:528797
Available from: 2012-05-28 Created: 2012-05-28 Last updated: 2012-05-28Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(699 kB)244 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 699 kBChecksum SHA-512
387cdcaa85b9724da9e6e3cf5255b17ad99fda8721c0246a6bc42380edfa39e63a06964ed0435c9bd3101cb127a62092ce99cf8a49466553375d39210d151ed5
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Holter, Hans
By organisation
Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies
Economics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 244 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 438 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf